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Home » Plant infomation

Capsicum minimum  Roxb.

   

Botanical Name

:

Capsicum minimum Roxb.

English Name

:

African chilies, Chilies, Red pepper, Bird pepper, Capsicum, Hot pepper, Tabasco pepper.

Synonym(s)

:

Capsicum frutescens L., Capsicum fastigiatum Bl.

Family

:

Solanaceae

 

General Info

Description

A herb that grows to a height of 1.2m and is 2.5cm in diameter. Stems are glabrous, terete, pitted, and 2mm in diameter. Leaves are simple, spiral, and exstipulate in groups of 2–3; petiole is 6mm – 1.5cm long; blade is asymmetrical at the base, 4.7cm × 2.3cm – 6cm × 12.7cm – 4cm × 2cm – 2.6cm × 1.9cm, membranaceous, light green, and shows about five pairs of secondary nerves below; apex is tailed. Flowers are white and minute. Fruits are fusiform, fleshy berries which are green to red, glossy, and edible.

Herb Effects

As rubefacient, antihaemorrhoidal, antirheumatic, antiseptic, carminative, diaphoretic, digestive, sialagogue and stomachic (fruit); counterirritant (plant)

Links

Plants For A Future database
Surajbala Exports Pvt. Ltd.

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

1,8-cineole, alanine, alpha carotene, alpha-linolenic acid, alpha-phellandrene, alpha-terpineol, apiin, arginine, ascorbic acid, asparagine, aspartic acid, benzaldehyde, beta-carotene, beta-ionone, beta-pinene, betaine, butyric acid, caffeic acid, campesterol, camphor, capsaicin, carvone, caryophyllene, citric acid, folacin, glutamic acid, hesperidin, limonene, linoleic acid, lutein, methionine, myrcene, niacin, oleic acid, oxalic acid, p-coumaric acid, palmitic acid, pantothenic acid, phenylalanine, pulegone, quercetin, riboflavin, scopoletin, solanine, solasodine, stearic acid, stigmasterol, terpinen-4-ol, thiamine, thujone, tocopherol, tryptophan, tyrosine, zeaxanthin (fruit); acetic acid, lauric acid, valeric acid (sap); chlorogenic acid (stem); kaempferol (anther)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
1,8-Cineole 8024-53-1 2,2,4-trimethyl-3-ox
abicyclo[2.2.2]octan
e
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Alanine 35597-43-4 2-[2-[2-amino-4-(hyd
roxy-methyl-phosphor
yl)-butanoyl]aminopr
opanoylami no]propa
noic acid
C11H22N3O6P Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Carotene 432-70-2 (1E,3E,5E,7E,9E,11E,
13E,15E,17E)-3,7,12,
16-tetramethyl-1-(2,
6,6-trimet hyl-1-cy
clohexenyl)-18-(2,6,
6-trimethyl-1-cycloh
ex-2-enyl)octadeca-1
,3 ,5,7,9,11,13,15,
17-nonaene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Linolenic acid 94138-91-7 octadeca-9,12,15-tri
enoic acid
C18H30O2 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Phellandrene 2243-33-6 2-methyl-5-propan-2-
yl-cyclohexa-1,3-die
ne
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Terpineol 10482-56-1 2-(4-methyl-1-cycloh
ex-3-enyl)propan-2-o
l
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Apiin 26544-34-3 7-[(2S,3R,4S,5R,6R)-
3-[(2S,3R,4R)-3,4-di
hydroxy-4-(hydroxyme
thyl)oxola n-2-yl]o
xy-4,5-dihydroxy-6-(
hydroxymethyl)oxan-2
-yl]oxy-5-hydroxy-2-
(4 -hydroxyphenyl)c
hromen-4-one
C26H28O14
Arginine 7004-12-8 2-amino-5-guanidino-
pentanoic acid
C6H14N4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic Acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Asparagine 2058-58-4 2,4-diamino-4-oxo-bu
tanoic acid
C4H8N2O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Aspartic acid 6899-03-2 2-aminobutanedioic
acid
C4H7NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
Benzaldehyde 100-52-7 benzaldehyde C7H6O Click Here To Enlarge
Beta Carotene 7235-40-7 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-ionone 14901-07-6 4-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1
-cyclohexenyl)but-3-
en-2-one
C13H20O Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Pinene 23089-32-9 6,6-dimethyl-2-methy
lidene-norpinane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Betaine 590-47-6 Carboxymethyl-trimet
hyl-ammonium
hydroxide
C5H13NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Butyric acid 107-92-6 Butanoic acid C4H8O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Campesterol 474-62-4 17-(5,6-dimethylhept
an-2-yl)-10,13-dimet
hyl-2,3,4,7,8,9,11,1
2,14,15,16 ,17-dode
cahydro-1H-cyclopent
a[a]phenanthren-3-ol
C28H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Camphor 8022-77-3 1,7,7-trimethylnorbo
rnan-2-one
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Capsaicin 2444-46-4 N-[(4-hydroxy-3-meth
oxy-phenyl)methyl]no
nanamide
C17H27NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Carvone 53763-73-8 2-methyl-5-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohex-2-en-
1-one
C10H14O Click Here To Enlarge
Caryophyllene 87-44-5 4,11,11-trimethyl-8-
methylidene-bicyclo[
7.2.0]undec-4-ene
C15H24 Click Here To Enlarge
Citric acid Not Available 2-hydroxypropane-1,2
,3-tricarboxylic
acid
C6H8O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Folacin 6484-89-5 2-[4-[(2-amino-4-oxo
-1H-pteridin-6-yl)me
thylamino]benzoyl]am
inopentane dioic
acid
C19H19N7O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Glutamic acid Not Available 2-aminopentanedioic
acid
C5H9NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
Hesperidin 520-26-3 5-hydroxy-2-(3-hydro
xy-4-methoxy-phenyl)
-7-[3,4,5-trihydroxy
-6-[(3,4,5 -trihydr
oxy-6-methyl-oxan-2-
yl)oxymethyl]oxan-2-
yl]oxy-chroman-4-one
C28H34O15 Click Here To Enlarge
Limonene 9003-73-0 1-methyl-4-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Lutein 34445-91-5 4-[18-(4-hydroxy-2,6
,6-trimethyl-1-cyclo
hexenyl)-3,7,12,16-t
etramethyl -octadec
a-1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15
,17-nonaenyl]-3,5,5-
trimethyl-cyclohex-2
-e n-1-ol
C40H56O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Methionine 348-67-4 2-amino-4-methylsulf
anyl-butanoic acid
C5H11NO2S Click Here To Enlarge
Myrcene 2153-31-3 7-methyl-3-methylide
ne-octa-1,6-diene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 Pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oxalic acid 553-91-3 Oxalic acid C2H2O4 Click Here To Enlarge
P-coumaric acid 501-98-4 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)p
rop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Pantothenic acid 599-54-2 3-[(2,4-dihydroxy-3,
3-dimethyl-butanoyl)
amino]propanoic acid
C9H17NO5 Click Here To Enlarge
Phenylalanine 3617-44-5 2-amino-3-phenyl-pro
panoic acid
C9H11NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Pulegone 3285-04-9 5-methyl-2-propan-2-
ylidene-cyclohexan-1
-one
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Scopoletin 92-61-5 2-hydroxy-6-methoxy-
chromen-7-one
C10H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Solanine 121-54-0 benzyl-dimethyl-[2-[
2-[4-(1,1,3,3-tetram
ethylbutyl)phenoxy]e
thoxy]ethy l]ammoni
um hydrochloride
C27H43ClNO2+ Click Here To Enlarge
Solasodine 6106-33-8 Not Available C27H43NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Stearic acid 82497-27-6 octadecanoic acid C18H36O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Stigmasterol 4736-55-4 17-(4-ethyl-1,5-dime
thyl-hex-2-enyl)-10,
13-dimethyl-1,2,4,5,
6,7,8,9,10 ,11,12,1
3,14,15,16,17-hexade
cahydrocyclopenta[a]
phenanthren-3-one
C29H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Terpinen-4-ol Not Available 1-methyl-4-propan-2-
yl-cyclohex-3-en-1-o
l
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamine 67-03-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
Thujone 1125-12-8 2-methyl-5-propan-2-
yl-bicyclo[3.1.0]hex
an-3-one
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Tocopherol 59-02-9 2,5,7,8-tetramethyl-
2-(4,8,12-trimethylt
ridecyl)chroman-6-ol
C29H50O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Tryptophan 80206-30-0 2-amino-3-(1H-indol-
3-yl)propanoic acid
C11H12N2O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Tyrosine 556-02-5 2-amino-3-(4-hydroxy
phenyl)-propanoic
acid
C9H11NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Zeaxanthin Not Available 4-[18-(4-hydroxy-2,6
,6-trimethyl-1-cyclo
hexenyl)-3,7,12,16-t
etramethyl -octadec
a-1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15
,17-nonaenyl]-3,5,5-
trimethyl-cyclohex-3
-e n-1-ol
C40H56O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Acetic acid 77671-22-8 acetic acid C2H4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Lauric acid 8045-27-0 Dodecanoic acid C12H24O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Valeric acid 70268-41-6 pentanoic acid C5H10O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Chlorogenic acid 327-97-9 3-[3-(3,4-dihydroxyp
henyl)prop-2-enoylox
y]-1,4,5-trihydroxy-
cyclohexan e-1-carb
oxylic acid
C16H18O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol 80714-53-0 3-[3-[4,5-dihydroxy-
6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-oxan-2-yl
]oxy-4,5-dihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2 -yl]oxy-4,5-dihy
droxy-2-(4-hydroxyph
enyl)-chromen-7-one
C33H40O21 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

To stimulate digestion, and to treat jaundice, liver diseases, diarrhea and vomiting, arthritis, rheumatism, chest pain and pericarditis (fruit); in atony of the intestines and stomach (dried fruit); used externally for cuts and wounds (plant).

Reference

Christophe Wiart. Medicinal Plants of Asia and the Pacific, P:271-272, CRC Press, June 2006.


Toriola, F. and Solanke, T. F. 1973. The effect of red pepper (Capsicum minimum) on gastric acid secretion. J. Surgical Res., 15, 385.

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