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Home » Plant infomation

Ximenia americana  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Ximenia americana L.

English Name

:

Tallow-wood

Family

:

Olacaceae

 

General Info

Description

A treelet that grows up to 4m tall. Stems are fissured, spiny, and showy. Leaves are simple, spiral, and exstipulate; petiole is 3–5mm long. Blade is 4cm × 2.8–2.7cm × 1.5cm, spathulate, and thick, with six pairs of secondary nerves. Inflorescences are cymes or racemes which are axillary, 1.5–2.5cm long, and 3–6-flowered; corolla comprises four or five, white or greenish petals, which are 5–7mm oblong; petals are green outside, and yellow inside with white whiskers; androecium comprises 8–10 stamens. Fruits are green, orange, ovoid drupes which are 2–3cm in diameter.

Herb Effects

Purgative (seeds); antimicrobial (leaves)

Chemistry

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

To treat colic and flatulence (paste of roots)

Reference

Christophe Wiart. Medicinal Plants of Asia and the Pacific, P:159, CRC Press, June 2006


Voss, C., Eyol, E., and Berger, M. R. 2005. Identification of potent anticancer activity in Ximenia americana aqueous extracts used by African traditional medicine. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol., in press.

Asres, K., Bucar, F., Kartnig, T., Witvrouw, M., Pannecouque, C., and De Clercq, E. 2001. Antiviral activity against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and type 2 (HIV-2) of ethnobotanically selected Ethiopian medicinal plants. Phytother. Res., 15, 62.

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