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Home » Plant infomation

Verbena officinalis  Linn.

   

Botanical Name

:

Verbena officinalis Linn.

English Name

:

Vervain

Family

:

Verbenaceae

 

General Info

Description

An erect or decumbent perennial, with a woody rootstock, 30-150 cm tall. Stems quadrangular; leaves opposite or ternate, oblong or ovate, coarsely toothed, pinnatifid or variously lobed, lobes acute or obtuse; flowers lilac, in dense, slender, elongated spikes; pyrenes oblong, 3-ribbed, dorsally smooth.

Herb Effects

Analgesic, antibacterial, anticoagulant, antispasmodic, astringent, depurative, diaphoretic, mildly diuretic, emmenagogue, galactogogue, stimulant, tonic and vulnerary (leaves and flowering stems).

Links

Australian Naturopathic Network
Plants for a Future
Herb Information

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Adenosine, beta-carotene, caffeic acid, lupeol (leaf); aucubin, citral, tannin, ursolic acid, verbenin (plant); verbenalin (flower)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Adenosine Not Available 2-(6-aminopurin-9-yl
)-5-(hydroxymethyl)o
xolane-3,4-diol
C10H13N5O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta Carotene 7235-40-7 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Lupeol Not Available Not Available C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Aucubin 479-98-1 2-[[9-hydroxy-7-(hyd
roxymethyl)-4-oxabic
yclo[4.3.0]nona-2,7-
dien-5-yl] oxy]-6-(
hydroxymethyl)oxane-
3,4,5-triol
C15H22O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Citral 96680-15-8 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dienal
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Ursolic acid 77-52-1 10-hydroxy-1,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-2,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12, 13,14b-t
etradecahydro-1H-pic
ene-4a-carboxylic
acid
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Verbenalin Not Available methyl
(1R,2S,6S,9S)-9-meth
yl-7-oxo-2-[(2S,3R,4
S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihy
dro xy-6-(hydroxyme
thyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy-3
-oxabicyclo[4.3.0]no
n-4-ene-5-carbo xyl
ate
C17H24O10 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In liver and gallbladder complaints, chronic eczema and bronchitis,insomnia, menstrual pain, in the treatment of headaches, fevers, nervous exhaustion, depression, insufficient lactation (plant); in rheumatism, healing of wounds, for the swellings of womb (leaves)

Contraindication

Not to be used in pregnancy.

Reference

Stary, Medicinal Herbs and Plants.

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