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Home » Plant infomation

Cornus officinalis  Siebold & Zucc.

   

Botanical Name

:

Cornus officinalis Siebold & Zucc.

English Name

:

Asiatic Dogwood

Synonym(s)

:

Macrocarpium officinale (Siebold.&Zucc.)Nakai.

Family

:

Cornaceae

 

General Info

Description

A decidious shrub growing to 10m by 10m. Leaves opposite, simple, ovate to elliptic, to 12 cm long, 6-7 pairs of veins, dull green above, the underside is light green with (but not always) red-brown tufts of hairs in the axils of veins. Flowers open in early spring before leaves appear, yellow, in short stalked umbels (20 mm in diam.) enclosed in 4 bracts, pedicels twice as long as bracts. Fruit an oblong drupe 1.5 cm long, bright cherry red.

Herb Effects

Antibacterial, antifungal, hypotensive, antitumor, astringent, diuretic, hepatic and tonic (fruit); astringent, antimalarial and tonic (stem bark); antibacterial, diuretic, hypotensive and a urinary antiseptic (plant).

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Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Gallic acid, isoterchebin, loganin, malic acid, sweroside, tartaric acid (fruit); oleanolic acid (seed); ursolic acid (fruit, seed).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Gallic acid 149-91-7 3,4,5-trihydroxybenz
oic acid
C7H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Loganin 18524-94-2 methyl
(1R,2S,6S,8S,9R)-8-h
ydroxy-9-methyl-2-[(
2S,3R,4S,5R,6R)-3,4,
5-t rihydroxy-6-(hy
droxymethyl)oxan-2-y
l]oxy-3-oxabicyclo[4
.3.0]non-4-ene- 5-c
arboxylate
C17H26O10 Click Here To Enlarge
Malic acid Not Available 2-hydroxybutanedioic
acid
C4H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Sweroside 14215-86-2 (1S,9S,10S)-10-ethen
yl-9-[(2S,3R,4S,5R,6
R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-
6-(hydroxy methyl)o
xan-2-yl]oxy-4,8-dio
xabicyclo[4.4.0]dec-
6-en-5-one
C16H22O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Tartaric acid 526-83-0 2,3-dihydroxybutaned
ioic acid
C4H6O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleanolic acid 508-02-1 10-hydroxy-2,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12,
13,14b-tetradecahydr
opicene-4a-carboxyli
c acid
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Ursolic acid 77-52-1 10-hydroxy-1,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-2,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12,
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

To reduce heavy menstrual bleeding and unusually active secretions including copious sweating, excessive urine, spermatorrhoea and premature ejaculation (herb); for the treatment of arthritis, fever and a wide range of other ailments (fruit); for allergy, backache, cancer, diabetes, high blood pressure, menorrhagia, nephrosis, night sweats, vertigo.

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