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Home » Plant infomation

Baptisia tinctoria  (L.) R. Br.

   

Botanical Name

:

Baptisia tinctoria (L.) R. Br.

English Name

:

Wild Indigo

Family

:

Fabaceae

 

General Info

Description

A perennial plant having a stem from 2 to 3 feet high, glabrous and branching, yellowish-green in color, and studded with small black dots. The leaves are subsessile, 3-foliate-palmate; the leaflets small, roundish, or obovate, acute at base, very obtuse at apex, bluish-green in color, and turn black on drying. The stipules are setaceous and caducous. The flowers are bright yellow, few, and borne in small, loose, terminal racemes. The calyx is 4 or 5-toothed. Petals 5, stamens 10, and distinct. The fruit is a subglobose, bluish-black pod the size of a pea, on a stalk longer than the calyx, and contains several seeds.

Herb Effects

Cholagogue, emetic, febrifuge and purgative (root); antiseptic, astringent and laxative (fresh root)

Links

Plants for a Future
The American Materia Medica, Therapeutics and Pharmacognosy
King's American Dispensatory

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Anagyrine, biochanin-A, luteolin, scopoletin, sparteine (plant); cytisine (leaf, root, stem); genistein, tectorigenin (leaf)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Anagyrine 486-89-5 Not Available C15H20N2O Click Here To Enlarge
Biochanin A Not Available 5,7-dihydroxy-3-(4-m
ethoxyphenyl)chromen
-4-one
C16H12O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Luteolin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-ch
romen-7-one
C15H10O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Scopoletin 92-61-5 2-hydroxy-6-methoxy-
chromen-7-one
C10H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Sparteine 26071-07-8 N,2-dihydroxy-3-meth
yl-benzamide
C8H9NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Cytisine 6047-01-4 Not Available C11H14N2O Click Here To Enlarge
Genistein 446-72-0 4,5-dihydroxy-3-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-chrome
n-7-one
C15H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Tectorigenin 548-77-6 5,7-dihydroxy-3-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-6-meth
oxy-chromen-4-one
C16H12O6 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In the treatment of upper respiratory infections such as tonsillitis and pharyngitis, and is also valuable in treating infections of the chest, gastro-intestinal tract and skin (infusion); soothes sore or infected nipples and infected skin conditions (root); as a gargle to treat mouth ulcers, gum infections and sore throats (decoction of plant).

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