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Home » Plant infomation

Prunus spinosa  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Prunus spinosa L.

English Name

:

Blackthorn and Sloe

Family

:

Rosaceae

 

General Info

Description

Pretty thorny shrub growing as high as 3 m; the white flowers blossom in the spring before the leaves appear; the fruits (poisonous) resemble a smaller version of a plum.

Herb Effects

Slightly diuretic, laxative and supposedly prevents ailments associated with chills (flowering plant); improves metabolism and antiaging (fruit); aperient, astringent, depurative, diaphoretic, diuretic, febrifuge, laxative and stomachic (flowers, bark, leaves and fruits)

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Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Amygdalin, hyperoside, kaempferol, quercetin, quercitrin, rutin (flower); beta-sitosterol, tannin (fruit); caffeic acid, cyanidin, ferulic acid (plant)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Amygdalin 672-72-0 2-phenyl-2-[3,4,5-tr
ihydroxy-6-[[3,4,5-t
rihydroxy-6-(hydroxy
methyl)oxa n-2-yl]o
xymethyl]oxan-2-yl]o
xy-acetonitrile
C20H27NO11 Click Here To Enlarge
Hyperoside 482-36-0 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-chromen-7
-one
C21H20O12 Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol 80714-53-0 3-[3-[4,5-dihydroxy-
6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-oxan-2-yl
]oxy-4,5-dihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2 -yl]oxy-4,5-dihy
droxy-2-(4-hydroxyph
enyl)-chromen-7-one
C33H40O21 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercitrin 6151-25-3 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
(3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
methyl-oxa n-2-yl)o
xy-chromen-7-one
C21H20O11 Click Here To Enlarge
Rutin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
[(3,4,5-tr ihydroxy
-6-methyl-tetrahydro
pyran-2-yl)oxymethyl
]tetrahydropyran-2-y
l] oxy-chromen-7-on
e trihydrate
C27H36O19 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Cyanidin 87725-42-6 [2-(3,4-dihydroxyphe
nyl)-3,7-dihydroxy-c
hromen-5-ylidene]oxo
nium
C15H11O6+ Click Here To Enlarge
Ferulic acid 24276-84-4 3-(4-hydroxy-3-metho
xy-phenyl)prop-2-eno
ic acid
C10H10O4 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

As a laxative (especially for juveniles and the elderly) and in rheumatism (flowering plant); in the treatment of diarrhoea (especially for children), bladder and kidney disorders, stomach weakness (infusion of flower)

Contraindication

Fresh fruit should not be digested since they can be poisonous.

Reference

Stary, Medicinal Herbs and Plants.

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