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Home » Plant infomation

Ammi visnaga  (L.) Lam.

   

Botanical Name

:

Ammi visnaga (L.) Lam.

English Name

:

Visnaga, Toothpick-plant

Family

:

Apiaceae

 

General Info

Description

Glabrous, 1-2 m tall, branched; nodes swollen. Leaves pinnately to ternate┬Čly dissected; segments filiform to linear. Peduncles 5-12 cm long. Involucre of divided bracts, deflexed; segments filiform. Umbel receptacle enlarged. Rays up to 50, contracted in fruit, stout. Involucel of linear bractlets. Calyx teeth minute. Fruit ovoid to oblong, 2 mm long.

Herb Effects

Diuretic, antispasmodic, lithontripic (seeds)

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Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Acacetin, alpha-pyrone, cinnamic acid, coumarin, delphinidin, furocoumarin, isopimpinellin, isorhamnetin, kaempferol, quercetin, rhamnetin, rhamnocitrin, shikimic acid, stearic acid, xanthotoxin (plant); alpha-terpineol, camphor, carvone, terpinen-4-ol (essential oil); ammiol, khellin, oleic acid, palmitic acid, visnadin (seed); astragalin, isoquercitrin, myricetin, rutin (flower, leaf)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Acacetin 480-44-4 4,5-dihydroxy-2-(4-m
ethoxyphenyl)-chrome
n-7-one
C16H12O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Cinnamic acid 63938-16-9 3-phenylprop-2-enoic
acid
C9H8O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Coumarin 60094-90-8 6-(1,2-dihydroxy-3-m
ethyl-but-3-enyl)-7-
methoxy-chromen-2-on
e
C15H16O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Delphinidin 528-53-0 [3,7-dihydroxy-2-(3,
4,5-trihydroxyphenyl
)-chromen-5-ylidene]
oxonium ch loride
C15H11ClO7 Click Here To Enlarge
Furocoumarin 66-97-7 Not Available C11H6O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Isopimpinellin 482-27-9 Not Available C13H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Isorhamnetin 480-19-3 3,4,5-trihydroxy-2-(
4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-
phenyl)-chromen-7-on
e
C16H12O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol 80714-53-0 3-[3-[4,5-dihydroxy-
6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-oxan-2-yl
]oxy-4,5-dihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2 -yl]oxy-4,5-dihy
droxy-2-(4-hydroxyph
enyl)-chromen-7-one
C33H40O21 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Rhamnetin 90-19-7 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4-dihydroxy-7-
methoxy-chromen-5-on
e
C16H12O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Rhamnocitrin Not Available 3,5-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-7-meth
oxy-chromen-4-one
C16H12O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Shikimic acid 138-59-0 3,4,5-trihydroxycycl
ohexene-1-carboxylic
acid
C7H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Stearic acid 82497-27-6 Octadecanoic acid C18H36O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Xanthotoxin 298-81-7 Not Availbale C12H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Terpineol 10482-56-1 2-(4-methyl-1-cycloh
ex-3-enyl)propan-2-o
l
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Camphor 8022-77-3 1,7,7-trimethylnorbo
rnan-2-one
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Carvone 53763-73-8 2-methyl-5-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohex-2-en-
1-one
C10H14O Click Here To Enlarge
Terpinen-4-ol Not Available 4-methyl-1-propan-2-
yl-cyclohex-3-en-1-o
l
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Khellin Not Available Not Available C14H12O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 Hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Visnadin Not Available Not Available C21H24O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Astragalin 480-10-4 4,5-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-3-[3,4
,5-trihydroxy-6-(hyd
roxymethyl )oxan-2-
yl]oxy-chromen-7-one
C21H20O11 Click Here To Enlarge
Isoquercitrin 21637-25-2 3-[5-(1,2-dihydroxye
thyl)-3,4-dihydroxy-
oxolan-2-yl]oxy-2-(3
,4-dihydro xyphenyl
)-4,5-dihydroxy-chro
men-7-one
C21H20O12 Click Here To Enlarge
Myricetin 529-44-2 3,4,5-trihydroxy-2-(
3,4,5-trihydroxyphen
yl)-chromen-7-one
C15H10O8 Click Here To Enlarge
Rutin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
[(3,4,5-tr ihydroxy
-6-methyl-tetrahydro
pyran-2-yl)oxymethyl
]tetrahydropyran-2-y
l] oxy-chromen-7-on
e trihydrate
C27H36O19 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

To alleviate the excruciating pain of kidney stones (plant); dilate the bronchial, urinary and blood vessels without affecting blood pressure, in the treatment of asthma, angina, coronary arteriosclerosis and kidney stones (seeds)

Contraindication

It decreases the toxicity of the cardiac glycoside, digitoxin, due to the coronary vasodilator and antiarrhythmic effects. Khella is also contraindicated in pregnancy due to the emmenagogue and uterine stimulating activity of khellin.

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