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Home » Plant infomation

Aesculus hippocastanum  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Aesculus hippocastanum L.

English Name

:

Common Horse-chestnut

Family

:

Sapindaceae

 

General Info

Description

A large deciduous tree grows to 36 m tall, with a domed crown of stout branches, on old trees the outer branches often pendulous with curled-up tips. The leaves are opposite and palmately compound, with 5-7 leaflets; each leaflet is 10-25 cm long, making the whole leaf up to 50 cm across, with a 20 cm petiole. The flowers are white with a small red spot; they are produced in spring in erect panicles 10-20 cm tall with about 20-50 flowers on each panicle. Usually only 1-5 fruit develop on each panicle; the fruit is a green, softly spiky capsule containing one (rarely two or three) nut-like seeds called horse chestnuts and also known as conkers. Each conker is 2-4 cm diameter, glossy nut-brown with a whitish scar at the base.

Herb Effects

Alterative, analgesic, haemostatic and vulnerary (plant); anti-inflammatory, astringent, diuretic, febrifuge, narcotic, tonic and vasoconstrictive (bark); decongestant, expectorant and tonic (seeds)

Links

Aesculus hippocastanum
Plants for a Future
Australian Naturopathic Network

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Acetic acid (seed); adenine, adenosine, astragalin, choline, isoquercitrin, rutin, tannin (flower); allantoin, citric acid, epicatechin, escin, esculetin, esculin, faraxetin, fraxin, quercetin, quercitrin, scopoletin, scopolin (bark); myricetin (plant)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Acetic acid 77671-22-8 acetic acid C2H4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Adenine 5426-35-7 7H-purin-6-amine C5H5N5 Click Here To Enlarge
Adenosine Not Available 2-(6-aminopurin-9-yl
)-5-(hydroxymethyl)o
xolane-3,4-diol
C10H13N5O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Astragalin 480-10-4 4,5-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-3-[3,4
,5-trihydroxy-6-(hyd
roxymethyl )oxan-2-
yl]oxy-chromen-7-one
C21H20O11 Click Here To Enlarge
Choline 67-48-1 2-hydroxyethyl-trime
thyl-ammonium
C5H14NO+ Click Here To Enlarge
Isoquercitrin 21637-25-2 3-[5-(1,2-dihydroxye
thyl)-3,4-dihydroxy-
oxolan-2-yl]oxy-2-(3
,4-dihydro xyphenyl
)-4,5-dihydroxy-chro
men-7-one
C21H20O12 Click Here To Enlarge
Rutin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
[(3,4,5-tr ihydroxy
-6-methyl-tetrahydro
pyran-2-yl)oxymethyl
]tetrahydropyran-2-y
l] oxy-chromen-7-on
e trihydrate
C27H36O19 Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Allantoin 97-59-6 (2,5-dioxoimidazolid
in-4-yl)urea
C4H6N4O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Citric acid Not Available 2-hydroxypropane-1,2
,3-tricarboxylic
acid
C6H8O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Epicatechin 490-46-0 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)chroman-3,5,7-tri
ol
C15H14O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Escin Not Available Not Available C54H84O23
Esculetin Not Available 2,6-dihydroxychromen
-7-one
C9H6O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Esculin 97882-87-6 2-hydroxy-6-[3,4,5-t
rihydroxy-6-(hydroxy
methyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy
-chromen-7 -one
C15H16O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Fraxin 524-30-1 7-hydroxy-6-methoxy-
8-[(2S,3R,4S,5R,6R)-
3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(
hydroxymet hyl)oxan
-2-yl]oxy-chromen-2-
one
C16H18O10 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercitrin 6151-25-3 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
(3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
methyl-oxa n-2-yl)o
xy-chromen-7-one
C21H20O11 Click Here To Enlarge
Scopoletin 92-61-5 2-hydroxy-6-methoxy-
chromen-7-one
C10H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Scopolin 531-44-2 6-methoxy-7-[3,4,5-t
rihydroxy-6-(hydroxy
methyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy
-chromen-2 -one
C16H18O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Myricetin 529-44-2 3,4,5-trihydroxy-2-(
3,4,5-trihydroxyphen
yl)-chromen-7-one
C15H10O8 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Reduces fluid retention by increasing the permeability of the capillaries and allowing the re-absorption of excess fluid back into the circulatory system, for the treatment of a wide range of venous diseases, including hardening of the arteries, varicose veins, phlebitis, leg ulcers, haemorrhoids and frostbite (plant); in the treatment of malaria and dysentery, externally in the treatment of lupus and skin ulcers (tea from bark); fevers and whooping cough (leaves); in the treatment of rheumatism, neuralgia and haemorrhoids (seeds)

Contraindication

Because of the irritant effect of the saponins, horse chestnut should not be applied to broken or ulcerated skin.

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