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Home » Plant infomation

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi  (L.) Spreng.

   

Botanical Name

:

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng.

English Name

:

Bearberry

Synonym(s)

:

Arbutus uva-ursi L. Uva-ursi uva-ursi (L.)Britt.

Family

:

Ericaceae

 

General Info

Description

A small procumbent woody shrub 5-30 cm high. Bark mostly smooth and dark reddish brown, exfoliating on older stems. The leaves are evergreen, remaining green for 1-3 years before falling. The fruit is a red berry. Flower monoecious; perfect, and urn-shaped, pink to white and borne in small terminal clusters.

Herb Effects

Antiseptic, astringent, diuretic, lithontripic, hypnotic and tonic (leaves)

Links

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Botanical.com
Plants for a Future
Herb Information

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Allantoin, alpha-amyrin, beta-sitosterol, gallic acid, lupeol, oleanolic acid, tannin, uvaol (plant); arbutin, ascorbic acid, beta-carotene, ellagic acid, formic acid, hyperin, isoquercitrin, malic acid, myricetin, niacin, quercetin, quercitrin, riboflavin, thiamin, ursolic acid (leaf); betulinic acid (plant, root)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Allantoin 97-59-6 (2,5-dioxoimidazolid
in-4-yl)urea
C4H6N4O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Alpha-Amyrin 638-95-9 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,12,1
4b-octamethyl-2,3,4a
,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,
12a,14,14a
-tetradecahydro-1H-p
icen-3-ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Gallic acid 149-91-7 3,4,5-trihydroxybenz
oic acid
C7H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Lupeol Not Available Not Available C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Oleanolic acid 508-02-1 10-hydroxy-2,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12,
13,14b-tetradecahydr
opicene-4a-carboxyli
c acid
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Uvaol Not Available (3S,6aR,8aS,12S,14bS
)-8a-(hydroxymethyl)
-4,4,6a,6b,11,12,14b
-heptameth yl-2,3,4
a,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12
,12a,14,14a-tetradec
ahydro-1H-picen-3-ol
C30H50O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Arbutin Not Available 2-(hydroxymethyl)-6-
(4-hydroxyphenoxy)ox
ane-3,4,5-triol
C12H16O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic Acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Ellagic acid Not Available Not Available C14H6O8 Click Here To Enlarge
Formic acid 992-98-3 formic acid CH2O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Hyperin 482-36-0 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-chromen-7
-one
C21H20O12 Click Here To Enlarge
Isoquercitrin 21637-25-2 3-[5-(1,2-dihydroxye
thyl)-3,4-dihydroxy-
oxolan-2-yl]oxy-2-(3
,4-dihydro xyphenyl
)-4,5-dihydroxy-chro
men-7-one
C21H20O12 Click Here To Enlarge
Malic acid Not Available 2-hydroxybutanedioic
acid
C4H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Myricetin 529-44-2 3,4,5-trihydroxy-2-(
3,4,5-trihydroxyphen
yl)-chromen-7-one
C15H10O8 Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 Pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercitrin 6151-25-3 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
(3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
methyl-oxa n-2-yl)o
xy-chromen-7-one
C21H20O11 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
Ursolic acid 77-52-1 10-hydroxy-1,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-2,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12,
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Betulinic Acid 4481-62-3 Not Available C30H46O3 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

For urinary tract complaints, including cystitis and urolithiasis, to treat rashes, skin sores etc, and as a wash for a baby's head, as an eyewash, a mouthwash for cankers and sore gums and as a poultice for back pains, rheumatism, burns etc. (leaves)

Contraindication

Herb should not be used by pregnant women and should not be taken by people with kidney problems. Avoid taking acidic agents such as vitamin C or fruit juice, while using uva ursi.

Reference

Stary, Medicinal Herbs and Plants.


Matsuda H. Nakamura S. Shiomoto H. Tanaka T. Kubo M. [Pharmacological studies on leaf of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. IV. Effect of 50% methanolic extract from Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng.

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