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Home » Plant infomation

Mucuna pruriens  Linn.

   

Botanical Name

:

Mucuna pruriens Linn.

English Name

:

Bengal bean, cow itch, florida velvet bean, velvet bean

Synonym(s)

:

Carpopogon niveum Roxb., Carpopogon pruriens Roxb., Mucuna nivea (Roxb.) DC., Mucuna prurita Hook., Mucuna prurita Hook., Dolichos pruriens Linn, Stizolobium pruriens (Linn.) Medic.

Family

:

Fabaceae

 

General Info

Description

M.pruriens is an herbaceous twining annual. The leaves are trifoliolate; the leaflets, broadly ovate, elliptic or rhomboid ovate and unequal at the base; the flowers, purple and in axillary, pendulous racemes; the pods, curved, longitudinally ribbed, turgid and densely clothed with persistent pale brown or grey, irritant bristles; the seeds, black, 4 to 6 in a pod and ovoid.

Herb Effects

Anabolic, androgenic, analgesic (pain-reliever), anti-inflammatory, anti-Parkinson's, antispasmodic, antivenin, aphrodisiac, febrifuge, hormonal, hypocholesterolemic (lowers cholesterol), hypoglycemic, immunomodulator, nervine (balances/calms nerves), anti-neurasthenic.

Links

Tropical Plant Database
PIER

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

L-DOPA (plant); mucunine, mucunadine, mucuadinine, pruriendine and nicotine, besides ß-sitosterol, glutathione, lecithin, oils, venolic and gallic acids (plant/seeds); tryptamine, alkylamines, steroids, flavonoids, coumarins, cardenolides, etc (seed with seed coat).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
L-DOPA Not Available 2-amino-3-(3,4-dihyd
roxyphenyl)-propanoi
c acid
C9H11NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
Nicotine 65-31-6 3-(1-methylpyrrolidi
n-2-yl)pyridine
C10H14N2 Click Here To Enlarge
ß-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
15,16,17-dodecahydro
-1H-cyclopenta[a]phe
nanthren-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Glutathione 27025-41-8 2-amino-5-[2-[2-(4-a
mino-4-carboxy-butan
oyl)amino-2-(carboxy
methylcarb amoyl)et
hyl]disulfanyl-1-(ca
rboxymethylcarbamoyl
)ethyl]amino-5-oxo-p
en tanoic acid
C20H32N6O12S2 Click Here To Enlarge
Lecithin 8057-53-2 Not Available Not Available Click Here To Enlarge
Gallic acid 149-91-7 3,4,5-trihydroxybenz
oic acid
C7H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Tryptamine 343-94-2 2-(1H-indol-3-yl)eth
anamine
C10H12N2 Click Here To Enlarge
Coumarins 81-81-2 2-hydroxy-3-(3-oxo-1
-phenyl-butyl)-chrom
en-4-one
C19H16O4 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

To treat roundworm, sterility, difficult urination and emaciation (seed and root);useful in increasing sperm count, ovulation in women, etc.; in leucorrhoea, menorrhagia, spermatorrhoea, Parkinson's (seed); in facial paralysis and nervous disorders (root); purifies the blood, cures rheumatism, asthma, cough, stone in the bladder and improves vitality (root decoction). Leaf paste is applied to ulcers. This herb is being investigated as a possible remedy for AIDS.

Contraindication

The bristly hairs covering the fresh pods cause intense itching on contact with skin. Contraindicated during Pregnancy.

Reference

Heal et al., Lloydia, 1950, 13, 126.


Kirt, Basu I. 779; Dastur, Medicinal Plants, 164.

Manyam BV. J. Altern. Completment Med. Fall.1995 1(3): 249-255.

Vaidya RA. Neurology (India) 1978 26, 177.

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