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Home » Plant infomation

Limonia acidissima  Non Linn.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Limonia acidissima Non Linn.

English Name

:

Elephant’s Apple

Synonym(s)

:

Naringi crenulata (ROXB.) NICOLSON, Hesperethusa crenulata (Roxb.), Limonia crenulata Roxb

Family

:

Rutaceae

 

General Info

Description

A small glabrous, spiny, more or less deciduous shrub or small tree up to 6 m tall; bark sandy-coloured, rough; spines single or occasionally paired, straight, to 2.5 cm long. Leaves compound, 2.5 to 10 cm long; leaflets 3 to 7, trapezoid-ovate, 2.5 to 5 cm long and 1.2 to 2.5 cm wide, apex obtuse, notched, base obtuse, margins crenate, to 5 cm long and 2 cm wide; petiole and leaf rachis are jointed, winged. Flowers borne in few-flowered, pubescent, terminal or axillary umbellate cymes up to 2.5 cm long. Fruit (berry) globose, bluish-black, 0.8 cm in diameter, very acid-tasting; seeds 1 to 4, sub globose, pale orange-brown.

Herb Effects

Tonic and stomachic (dried fruit); astringent(unripe fruit)

Links

PIER

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Geranyl umbeliferone, osthol, bergapten, marmesin, xanthotoxin, methylchavicol and marmin.

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Osthol 484-12-8 7-methoxy-8-(3-methy
lbut-2-enyl)chromen-
2-one
C15H16O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Bergapten 484-20-8 Not Available C12H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Marmesin 13849-08-6 Not Available C14H14O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Xanthotoxin 298-81-7 Not Available C12H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Marmin 14957-38-1 7-(6,7-dihydroxy-3,7
-dimethyl-oct-2-enox
y)chromen-2-one
C19H24O5 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

For epilepsy, purgative and colic (leaves); it increases resistance to contagious diseases such as smallpox and pestilent fevers, and an antidote to various poisons (dried fruit); diarrhea, dysentery, hiccough, sore throat and diseases of the gums (unripe fruit); menorrhagia (spines).

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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