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Home » Plant infomation

Gardenia turgida  ROXB.

   

Botanical Name

:

Gardenia turgida ROXB.

Synonym(s)

:

Ceriscoides turgida Roxb., Gardenia montana Roxb.

Family

:

Rubiaceae

 

General Info

Description

It is an armed, deciduous tree upto 7 m high with smooth bluish grey bark. Leaves are ovate - obovate or lanceolate, 2.0-6.0-1.0-4.0 cm, crowded on dwarf shoots and entire with attenuate base and obtuse apex and pubescent on both the surfaces. Flowers are uni- or bi-sexual appear before leaves; bisedual flowers are solitary and unisexual male flowers are fascicled and axillary at the ends of shoots. Calyx of male flower is shorter than female ones; limb truncate or campanulate. Corolla is salver-shaped, white -creamy and fragrant; lobes spreading and ovate. The berries are soft, ovoid, 2.0 to 3.7 cm long, and reddish brown with many compressed seeds.

Herb Effects

Lowers blood pressure, anticancer and antiviral (50% EtOH extract).

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Gardenin (root); hederagenin and beta-sitosterol (wood and bark).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Gardenin 21187-73-5 5-hydroxy-6,7,8-trim
ethoxy-2-(3,4,5-trim
ethoxyphenyl)-chrome
n-4-one
C21H22O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Hederagenin 465-99-6 10-hydroxy-9-(hydrox
ymethyl)-2,2,6a,6b,9
,12a-hexamethyl-1,3,
4,5,6,6a,7 ,8,8a,10
,11,12,13,14b-tetrad
ecahydropicene-4a-ca
rboxylic acid
C30H48O4 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In fever (fruit pulp) and increasing the secretion of gastric juices (root). Its root-infusion is given in dyspepsia in indigestion. A preparation made from its root is used in indigenous medicine for children.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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