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Home » Plant infomation

Cinnamomum camphora  (L.) PRESL.

   

Botanical Name

:

Cinnamomum camphora (L.) PRESL.

English Name

:

Camphor Tree

Synonym(s)

:

Laurus camphora, Linn., Camphora officinarum, Nees., Cinnamomum inunctum, Meisn. Cinnamomum glanduliferum, Meisn.

Family

:

Lauraceae

 

General Info

Description

A large, handsome, evergreen tree. Leaves are glabrous, sub- coriaceous, ovate-elliptic to elliptic to sub-ovate-elliptic, inflorescence is in axillary, slender, glabrous and many flowered panicles. The fruits are one-seeded berries, globose, slightly fleshy, seated on a shallow, thin cup, turning black when ripe.

Herb Effects

Stimulates the central nervous system (aerial part); stimulates the cardiovascular system (aerial part and essential plant oil); sedative (in hysteria), antibacterial, carminative, antispasmodic, antiseptic, rubefacient, expectorant and aphrodisiac (essential plant oil).

Links

Floridata
Plants for a Future
Camphor

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Mainly camphor (essential plant oil), 1,8 cineole, alpha-bisabolol, alpha-pinene, beta-elemene, borneol, caffeic acid, camphor, carvacrol, citronellol, eugenol, geraniol, kaempferol, limonene, myrcene, quercetin, vanillin.

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Camphor 8022-77-3 1,7,7-trimethylnorbo
rnan-2-one
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Alpha-bisabolol 67375-41-1 6-methyl-2-(4-methyl
-1-cyclohex-3-enyl)-
hept-5-en-2-ol
C15H26O
alpha-Pinene 80-56-8 2,7,7-trimethylbicyc
lo[3.1.1]hept-2-ene
C10H16
Beta-elemene 33880-83-0 1-ethenyl-1-methyl-2
,4-diprop-1-en-2-yl-
cyclohexane
C15H24 Click Here To Enlarge
Borneol 10385-78-1 1,7,7-trimethylnorbo
rnan-2-ol
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Carvacrol 499-75-2 2-methyl-5-propan-2-
yl-phenol
C10H14O Click Here To Enlarge
Citronellol 26489-01-0 3,7-dimethyloct-6-en
-1-ol
C10H20O Click Here To Enlarge
Eugenol 97-53-0 2-methoxy-4-prop-2-e
nyl-phenol
C10H12O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Geraniol 8007-13-4 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dien-1-ol
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol 80714-53-0 3-[3-[4,5-dihydroxy-
6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-oxan-2-yl
]oxy-4,5-dihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2 -yl]oxy-4,5-dihy
droxy-2-(4-hydroxyph
enyl)-chromen-7-one
C33H40O21 Click Here To Enlarge
Limonene 9003-73-0c 1-methyl-4-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Myrcene 2153-31-3 7-methyl-3-methylide
ne-octa-1,6-diene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Vanillin 8014-42-4 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-
benzaldehyde
C8H8O3 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In indigestion (leaf); as a sedative (in hysteria), carminative, aphrodisiac, as a nervine depressant in chorea, epilepsy, convulsions and rheumatism, in urogenital disorders, pruritis and as an antidote (in strychnine poisoning) (essential plant oil). Camphor liniment is used for relief of pain in muscular rheumatism.

Contraindication

Do not employ camphor in any form during pregnancy and lactation.Avoid use in patients with epilepsy or Parkinson’s disease.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


The Himalaya Drug Company.

Bentley and Trimen, Medicinal Plants.

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