impgc-International Medicinal Plants Growers' Consortium

Indian Medicinal
Plants Growers'
Consortium

 
Sponsor of the Month
plantmedia
you can advertise here
home herb database company directory trade leads trade shows services catalogs resources contact
 
Members Area

 

User Name Password
 Forgot Password?
New Member?

Raw Herbs  Health Remedies

Cardiovascular diseases
CNS disorders
Endocrine disorders
Genetic errors of metabolism
Genitourinary disorders
GI diseases
Immune system disorders
Infectious diseases
Musculo skeletal disorders
Neoplastic disorders
Nutrition deficiencies
Ocular disorders
Otolaryngological disorders
Peripheral nerve disorders
Pulmonary disorders
Renal disorders

Raw Herbs   Raw Herbs

Bark   Peel
Berry   Plants
Bulb   Pod
Corns   Powders
Cuts   Rhizome
Flowers   Rind
Fruits   Roots
Gum   Seeds
Kernal   Stem
Leaves   Tubers
Nut   Wood
Others

Forum   Forum

advertise with us
impgc.com blog
Home » Plant infomation

Butea monosperma  (LAM.) TAUB.

   

Botanical Name

:

Butea monosperma (LAM.) TAUB.

English Name

:

Flame of the Forest, Silk Cotton and Butea Gum Tree

Synonym(s)

:

Butea frondosa Koenig ex Roxb; Erythrina monosperma Lamk

Family

:

Fabaceae

 

General Info

Description

It is an erect, medium sized tree of 12 to 15 m high, with a crooked trunk and irregular branches. The shoots are clothed with gray or brown silky pubescence. The bark is ash coloured. The leaves 3 foliate, large and stipulate. Petiole is 10 to 15 cm long. Leaflets are obtuse, glabrous above, finely silky and conspicuously reticulately veined beneath with cunnate or deltoid base. From January to March the plant is bald. Flowers in rigid racemes of 15 cm long, densely brown velVety on bare branches. Calyx is dark, olive green to brown in colour and densely velvety outside. The corolla is long with silky silvery hairs outside and bright orange red. Stamens are diadelphes, anthers uniform. Ovary 2 ovule, style filiform, curved and stigma capitate. Pods argenteo-canesent, narrowed, thickened at the sutures, splitting round the single apical seed, lowest part indehiscent. The seeds are flat, reniform, curved.

Herb Effects

Antifertility (flower and seed); anthelmintic and laxative (seed); astringent (gum); stops secretions and hemostatic, bitter, pungent, emmenagogue, alliterative,tonic, diuretic, aphrodisiac.

Links

Plant Creations Inc.
Herbal Monograph

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Leucocyanidin and its tetramer, procyanidin, a mucilaginous substance, gallic acid and tannic acid (which yields pyrocatechin) (gum), a fixed oil, palasonin, alpha-amyrin, beta-sitosterol, a resin and albuminoid (seed), palastrin, butin and butrin (flower).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Leucocyanidin 480-17-1 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)chroman-3,4,5,7-t
etrol
C15H14O7
Procyanidin 4852-22-6 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-2-[2-(3,4-dihydr
oxyphenyl)-5,7-dihyd
roxy-chrom an-3-yl]
oxy-chroman-3,4,5,7-
tetrol
C30H26O13 Click Here To Enlarge
Gallic acid 149-91-7 3,4,5-trihydroxybenz
oic acid
C7H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Tannic acid 1401-55-4 Not Available Not Available Click Here To Enlarge
Alpha amyrin 638-95-9 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,12,1
4b-octamethyl-2,3,4a
,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,
12a,14,14a -tetrade
cahydro-1H-picen-3-o
l
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Butrin 492-13-7 2-[4-hydroxy-3-[3,4,
5-trihydroxy-6-(hydr
oxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]
oxy-phenyl ]-7-[3,4
,5-trihydroxy-6-(hyd
roxymethyl)oxan-2-yl
]oxy-chroman-4-one
C27H32O15 Click Here To Enlarge
Butin 492-14-8 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-7-hydroxy-chroma
n-4-one
C15H12O5 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

For dysentery, diarrhea, phthisis and bleeding within the bladder and stomach (gum); as a laxative (seed); in hemorrhoids and boils (leaf); as an anthelmintic, specially useful in the treatment of roundworms and tapeworms (seed oil); diabetes, gallbladder stone, sore throat and leucorrhea.

Contraindication

Abortifacient

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.

Grieve MA, Modern Herbal 1931 (www.botanical.com).

Dealers

Products


More Info

Search for Pictures

Search for Scholarly Articles

Search using Scientific Name and Vernacular Names




Advanced Search
English English Français Français Español Español
Deutsch Deutsch Italiano Italiano Portugues Chinese

Trade Leads  Active Leads

Neem Cake Organic
Fertilizer.
Natural Water
Soluble Neem oil
Botanical Pest
Repellent and
Pesticide
100% Pure Natural
Cold Pressed Neem
Oil.
Neem oil, Neem
seed meal, CoCo
peat, Coir pots,
Coir Discs, Coir
Fiber, Hydro
seeding mulch
herbal seeds and
root
Selling thyme ,
mallow ,
Selling Medicinal
Plants
Selling Medicinal
Herbs
Selling Medicinal
Herbs
White Willow Bark
Extract

advertisements

Plant Media

about us | services | privacy policy | disclaimer | terms of use | contact us | advertise | sitemap

Copyright © 2003-10 impgc.com- All rights reserved

return to top Return to top

Raw Herbs: Bark | Berry | Bulb | Corns | Cuts | Flowers | Fruits | Gum | Kernal | Leaves | Nut | Peel | Plants | Pod | Powders | Rhizome | Rind | Roots | Seeds | Stem | Tubers | Wood | Others Fields: Buyers | Collectors | Dealers | Exporters | Growers | Importers | Local Traders | Other Traders | NGO | Producers | Providers | Retailers | Suppliers | Wholesalers | Manufacturer | Other Traders : Herb Database | Directory | Trade Leads: Pure Herbs | Ayurvedic Products | Herbal Extracts | Dried Herbs | Spice Herbs | Essential Oil | Herbal Powder | Natural Herbs | Herbal Nutrients | Spice Oil | Herbal Products | Other | Trade Shows | Catalogs | See also www.antibodydirectory.com | www.enzymedirectory.com