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Home » Plant infomation

Balanites aegyptiaca  (L.) DELILE

   

Botanical Name

:

Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) DELILE

English Name

:

Desert Date, soapberry tree, thorn tree.

Synonym(s)

:

Balanites roxburghiiPlanch, Balanitesaegyptica var. roxburghii Duthie.

Family

:

Zygophyllaceae

 

General Info

Description

Spiny tree, about 6 m high; branches glabrous or puberulous and ending in very strong ascending spines; leaves alternate, bifoliate, ashy green, leaflets coriaceous; cymes axillary, 4- to 10-flowered; flowers green, velvety pubescent; fruits ovoid, about 5 cm in length, fleshy drupes, 1-seeded; seed oily but exalbuminous.

Herb Effects

Laxative (fruit); hypothermic, alleviates spasms and stimulates the central nervous and cardiovascular systems (stem bark); kills certain molluscs (plant); antifungal (oil); expectorant (seed).

Links

AgroForestryTree Database

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Balanitisin (plant); diosgenin and yamogenin (root, seed and stem bark); nitogenin glucosides (stem bark).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Diosgenin 512-04-9 Not Available C27H42O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Yamogenin 512-06-1 Not Available C27H42O3 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In rheumatism (seed oil); stomach problems and as an expectorant (seed); useful in burns, wounds and ulcers, common cold, whooping cough, leucoderma, malaria, sleeping sickness and other skin diseases.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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