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Home » Plant infomation

Aesculus indica  Hook

   

Botanical Name

:

Aesculus indica Hook

English Name

:

Indian Horsechestnut, horse chestnut

Synonym(s)

:

Aesculus hippocastanum, Pavia indica Wall. ex Cambess.

Family

:

Hippocastanaceae

 

General Info

Description

Large tree reaching up to 100 feet in height with smooth, grayish-green bark soft spongy wood and brown seeds (containing a pale area) which are enclosed in soft spiny green capsules. Leaves, opposite, digitate, exstipulate, having 5 to 10 leaflets; the leaflets, variable in size, oblong to lanceolate, sharply serrated, glabrous, narrowed at the base. Flowers, zygomorphic, bisexual, complete, pedicellate, perigynous, 3 5 mm long, 2 to 2.5 cm in diameter when fully open; inflorescence, a compound raceme, 42 cm long, 12.5 cm broad at the base, bearing, on an average, 385 flowers; calyx, gamosepalous, dawn pink 523/27, deciduous, tubular, tomentose, having 5 lobes : coroela, polypetalous, with four petals, clawed, zygomorphic, having a combination of yellow, pink, red and white, each petal 2.5 cm long and 5 to 8 mm wide : androecium, polyandrous, with 7 stamens 3.5 cm long, perigynous, tomentose, narrow and oblong. Ovary, with a single style. Fruit, a capsule, 2 cm long, 4.1 cm in diameter, weighing 27.26 g, its volume being 26.25 ml; epicarp, brown with rusty spots. Seeds, 1 to 2 per capsule, shining black from outside, and lime white from inside, 3.5 cm in diameter.

Herb Effects

Diuretic (50% EtOH fruit extract) and antiedematous (plant extract); antiinflammatory (bark extract); anticancer, vasodilating and improves the elasticity of blood vessel walls.

Links

Aesculus indica
Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Aescin (plant, seed and leaf); quercetin, beta-sitosterol and palmitone (leaf); terpenoid sapogenols, stigmasterol, alpha-spinasterol and flavonoid glycosides.

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Aescin 6805-41-0 6-[[9-acetyloxy-8-hy
droxy-4,8a-bis(hydro
xymethyl)-4,6a,6b,11
,11,14b-he
xamethyl-10-(2-methy
lbut-2-enoyloxy)-1,2
,3,4a,5,6,7,8,9,10,1
2,12a,14,1
4a-tetradecahydropic
en-3-yl]oxy]-4-hydro
xy-3,5-bis[[3,4,5-tr
ihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2-yl]oxy]oxane-2-ca
rboxylic acid
C55H86O24 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitone 502-73-8 hentriacontan-16-one C31H62O Click Here To Enlarge
Stigmasterol 4736-55-4 17-(4-ethyl-1,5-dime
thyl-hex-2-enyl)-10,
13-dimethyl-1,2,4,5,
6,7,8,9,10 ,11,12,1
3,14,15,16,17-hexade
cahydrocyclopenta[a]
phenanthren-3-one
C29H48O Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Spinasterol 481-18-5 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-hept-3-en-2-yl)-10,
13-dimethyl-2,3,4,5,
6,9,11,12, 14,15,16
,17-dodecahydro-1H-c
yclopenta[a]phenanth
ren-3-ol
C29H48O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In edema (plant extract); leucorrhea (root); whooping cough (leaf) and vascular disorders (such as hemorrhoids , varicose veins and phlebitis); astringent, acrid and narcotic (seeds); for skin disease and rheumatism (oil from seed); the seed is given to horses suffering from colic; an anthelmintic on horses.

Contraindication

In rare cases oral intake of horse chestnut may cause itching, nausea, and upset stomach (Blumenthal et al., 1998).People with liver disease should also avoid the use of horse chestnut.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

Stary, The Natural Guide to Medicinal Herbs and Plants.

Ambrogini P. Cuppini R. Bruno C. Bombardelli E. Effects of proanthocyanin.

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