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Home » Plant infomation

Tephrosia purpurea  

   

Botanical Name

:

Tephrosia purpurea

English Name

:

Wild Indigo

Synonym(s)

:

Galega purpurea Linn. , Cracca purpurea L., Tephrosia hamiltonii Drumm. Ex Gamble

Family

:

Fabaceae

 

General Info

Description

A polymorphic perennial herb 30-60 cm tall, glabrous. Leaves imparipinnate, 5 to 15 cm long; petioles linear, elliptic to oblanceolate, apex obtuse, base acute, glabrous above and pubescent beneath. Flowers pink, red or purple, 4 to 9 mm long, borne in many flowered, leaf opposed racemes aw pedicels 3 mm long; calyx 4 mm long, corolla twice as long as the calyx, pubescent. Fruit pod, slightly curved, compressed, glabrescent, dehiscing. Seeds greenish grey, 4 to 10 smooth ovoid.

Herb Effects

Antirheumatic, diuretic and anthelmintic (root); antihepatotoxic, stimulates the central nervous system, antiprotozoal, purifies the blood and analgesic (plant).

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Beta-sitosterol, betulinic acid, lupeol, (plant); pongamol (seed); rotenone, tephrosin (root); rutin and beta-sitosterol (leaf)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Pongamol 484-33-3 1-benzofuran-5-yl-3-
phenyl-propane-1,3-d
ione
C17H12O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Lupeol Not Available Not Available C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Rutin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
[(3,4,5-tr ihydroxy
-6-methyl-tetrahydro
pyran-2-yl)oxymethyl
]tetrahydropyran-2-y
l] oxy-chromen-7-on
e trihydrate
C27H36O19 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Betulinic Acid 4481-62-3 Not Available C30H46O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Rotenone Not Available Not Available C23H22O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Tephrosin Not Available Not Available C23H22O7 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Spleen enlargement, liver problems, as an antirheumatic, diuretic and anthelmintic (root); in tympanitis and as a blood purifier (plant); in skin diseases and rat poisoning (seeds). Used to treat bronchitis, bilious febrile attacks, treatment of boils, pimples, bleeding piles, jaundice and kidney disorders.

Reference

Chandel et al.,Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

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