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Home » Plant infomation

Tanacetum vulgare  Linn.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Tanacetum vulgare Linn.

English Name

:

Tansy

Synonym(s)

:

Chtrysanthemum vulgare (Linn.) Bernh., Chrysanthemum tanacetum Karsch., Tanacetum audiberti DC.

Family

:

Asteraceae

 

General Info

Description

A strong-smelling, aromatic herb, arising from a creeping, stoloniferous rootstock, 30-75 cm high. Leaves 15-25 cm long, oblong, pinnatisect, segments lanceolate, acute, sharply toothed; flower-heads yellow, in dense flattopped corymbs; achenes greenish white, 1.5 mm, cylindrical-obovoid, pappus minute.

Herb Effects

Abortifacient, vermifuge (essential flower and leaf oil); tonic, stimulant, emmenagogue, diaphoretic and insect-repellent (decoction of dried leaves and flowertops)

Links

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Plants for a Future
King's American Dispensatory

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Beta-thujones (essential oil); 1,8-cineole, camphor, chlorogenic acid, vibernitol (leaf); terpinoids (aerial part); alpha-pinene, alpha-terpinene, apigenin, borneol, bornyl-acetate, caffeic acid, caryophyllene, chlorogenic acid, eupatilin, gamma-terpinene, parthenolide, piperitone, quercetin (plant)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
beta-Thujone 1125-12-8 2-methyl-5-propan-2-
yl-bicyclo[3.1.0]hex
an-3-one
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Chlorogenic acid 327-97-9 3-[3-(3,4-dihydroxyp
henyl)prop-2-enoylox
y]-1,4,5-trihydroxy-
cyclohexan e-1-carb
oxylic acid
C16H18O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Parthenolide 29552-41-8 Not Available C15H20O3 Click Here To Enlarge
1,8-Cineole 8024-53-1 2,2,4-trimethyl-3-ox
abicyclo[2.2.2]octan
e
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Camphor 8022-77-3 1,7,7-trimethylnorbo
rnan-2-one
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Pinene 80-56-8 2,7,7-trimethylbicyc
lo[3.1.1]hept-2-ene
C10H16
alpha-Terpinene 99-86-5 1-methyl-4-propan-2-
yl-cyclohexa-1,3-die
ne
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Apigenin 520-36-5 4,5-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-chrome
n-7-one
C15H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Borneol 10385-78-1 1,7,7-trimethylnorbo
rnan-2-ol
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Bornyl acetate 20347-65-3 (1,7,7-trimethylnorb
ornan-2-yl) acetate
C12H20O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Caryophyllene 87-44-5 4,11,11-trimethyl-8-
methylidene-bicyclo[
7.2.0]undec-4-ene
C15H24 Click Here To Enlarge
Eupatilin Not Available 2-(3,4-dimethoxyphen
yl)-5,7-dihydroxy-6-
methoxy-chromen-4-on
e
C18H16O7 Click Here To Enlarge
gamma-Terpinene 99-85-4 1-methyl-4-propan-2-
yl-cyclohexa-1,4-die
ne
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Parthenolide 29552-41-8 Not Available C15H20O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Piperitone Not Available 3-methyl-6-propan-2-
yl-cyclohex-2-en-1-o
ne
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Rheumatism, ulcers (chronic), for gout, as an abortifacient and vermifuge (essential flower and leaf oil); maladies of the liver, gall bladder and the bile duct, in treating strangury, kidney weaknesses, in dyspepsia, with troublesome flatulence, hysteria, jaundice, fevers (plant); to treat amenorrhoea and painful dysmenorrhoea and as an anthelmintic, especially for children (leaf infusion and whole plant);in diphtheria, acute inflammations of the throat, and in epidemic catarrh (spray or inhalation of plant decoction).

Contraindication

Oil of tansy is a gastro-intestinal and nerve poison, and in overdoses has caused epileptiform convulsions, profound coma, and death by paralysis of the breathing organs (asphyxiation). Lesser doses may increase the pulse rate, dilate the pupils, and cause severe vomiting and purging with colicky pain. Doses above fifteen drops are dangerous. Most deaths have occurred from its use in attempts at abortion.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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