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Home » Plant infomation

Stellaria media  (Linn.) Vill.

   

Botanical Name

:

Stellaria media (Linn.) Vill.

English Name

:

Common Chickweed

Synonym(s)

:

Alsine media Linn.

Family

:

Caryophyllaceae

 

General Info

Description

An annual or biennial prostrate weed. Stems procumbent, 15-60 cm long, with a line of hairs running on alternate sides in each succeeding internode, much-branched; lower leaves petioled, upper sessile; flowers white, small, star-shaped, in leafy cymes; capsules ovoid; seeds brown, acutely tubercled.

Herb Effects

Antiinflammatory, astringent, carminative, demulcent, diuretic, expectorant, laxative, refrigerant, vulnerary (plant)

Links

Plants for a Future
Australian Naturopathic Network
Excerpt from Boericke's Materia Medica: The Tinctures

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Alkaloids (plant); carotene and vitamin C (leaf); vanillic acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, an unidentified hydroxybenzoic acid, ferulic acid, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, luteolin, apigenin, genistein and vicenin-2 (dried herb)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Vitamin C 89924-69-6 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Vanillic acid Not Available 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-
benzoic acid
C8H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
p-Hydroxybenzoic acid 99-96-7 4-hydroxybenzoic
acid
C7H6O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Hydroxybenzoic acid Not Available 4-hydroxybenzoate C7H5O3- Click Here To Enlarge
Ferulic acid 24276-84-4 3-(4-hydroxy-3-metho
xy-phenyl)prop-2-eno
ic acid
C10H10O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Chlorogenic acid 327-97-9 3-[3-(3,4-dihydroxyp
henyl)prop-2-enoylox
y]-1,4,5-trihydroxy-
cyclohexan e-1-carb
oxylic acid
C16H18O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Luteolin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-ch
romen-7-one
C15H10O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Apigenin 520-36-5 4,5-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-chrome
n-7-one
C15H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Genistein 446-72-0 4,5-dihydroxy-3-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-chrome
n-7-one
C15H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Vicenin-2 23666-13-9 5,7-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-6,8-bi
s[(2S,3S,4R,5R,6R)-3
,4,5-trihy droxy-6-
(hydroxymethyl)oxan-
2-yl]chromen-4-one
C27H30O15 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

As a plaster in swolen areas and broken bones, to relieve constipation, useful in rheumatism, inflammations of the digestive, renal, respiratory and reproductive tracts, asthma, congestion, and bronchitis, obesity, high cholesterol, in severe inflammations of skin, such as erysipelas, scalds and burns, crural ulcers, haemorrhoids, eczema, to soothe severe itchiness and inflammations of eyes (plant); as a poultice or ointment for skin irritation and inflammation as well as for skin ulcers. Boils, carbuncles, and abscesses

Contraindication

In large doses, the plant may temporarily cause a mild form of paralysis in human beings. Should not be used medicinally by pregnant women.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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