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Home » Plant infomation

Solanum viarum  Dunal.

   

Botanical Name

:

Solanum viarum Dunal.

English Name

:

Tropical soda apple

Synonym(s)

:

Solanum khasianum var. chatterjeeanum Sen Gupta

Family

:

Solanaceae

 

General Info

Description

Robust prickly low-growing diffusely branched shrub; stems armed with broad-based, straight or downward-pointing prickles and clothed in a mixture of stellate and simple glandular or nonglandular hairs (viscid-pubescent). Leaves alternate, simple, clearly petioled (these also prickly); blades oval-triangular, nearly as broad as long, to 20 cm (8 in) long and 15 cm (6 in) wide, angular-lobed; surfaces dense with fine soft hairs giving blades a velvety sheen (hairs a mix of types as on stems); veins prickly. Flowers white, in small terminal clusters; 5 petals white, recurved; stamens with prominent cream-colored anthers. Fruit a globose berry, 2-3 cm (0.8-1.2 in) wide, green with dark veining, like a tiny watermelon, when immature, dull medium yellow when ripe; seeds about 400 per berry.

Herb Effects

Counteracts hyperactivity due to amphetamines, stimulates the central nervous system and alleviates spasms (plant).

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Solamargine, solasonine and khasianine (fruit); solasodine, diosgenin and beta-sitosterol (aerial part); nautigenin and iso-nautigenin (root).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Solamargine 20311-51-7 Not Available C45H73NO15 Click Here To Enlarge
Solasonine 19121-58-5 Not Available C45H73NO16 Click Here To Enlarge
Khasianine Not Available Not Available C39H63NO11 Click Here To Enlarge
Solasodine 6106-33-8 Not Available C27H43NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Diosgenin 512-04-9 Not Available C27H42O3 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Synthesis of corticosteroids (fruit); In dysentery (Leaf and root juice); in hyperactivity (plant).

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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