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Home » Plant infomation

Rosmarinus officinalis  Linn.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Rosmarinus officinalis Linn.

English Name

:

Rosemary and Oil of Rosemary

Synonym(s)

:

Folia rosmarini, Folia roris marini, Folia anthos.

Family

:

Lamiaceae

 

General Info

Description

Evergreen diffusely branched aromatic shrub up to 2 m high. Leaves narrow, entire, with revolute margins; flowers few, in axillary racemes, bluish or white or pale violet; nutlets smooth, ovoid sub-globose.

Herb Effects

Stimulates the secretion of gastric juices, diuretic, carminative, stimulates the cardiovascular and central nervous systems, antioxidant, antiseptic and slightly inflammatory.

Links

Rosemary
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Floridata
Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

1,8-cineole, alpha-amyrin, alpha-phellandene, alpha-pinene, alpha-terpinene, alpha-terpineol, alpha-thujone, apigenin, ascorbic acid, benzyl-alcohol, beta-amyrin, beta-carotene, beta-sitosterol, beta-thujone, betulin, borneol, bornyl-acetate, caffeic acid, camphene, camphor, carvone, caryophyllene, chlorogenic acid, delta-cadinene, diosmetin, ethanol, fenchone, gamma-terpinene, geraniol, limonene, luteolin-7-glucoside, methyl-eugenol, myrcene, nepetin, nepetrin, niacin, oleanolic acid, p-cymene, safrole, tannin, terpinen-4-ol, terpinolene, thymol, trans-anethole, ursolic acid (plant); acetic acid (resin); betulinic acid, carnosol, carnosic acid, carvacrol, diosmin, hesperidin, luteolin, rosmarinic acid (leaf).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Camphor 8022-77-3 1,7,7-trimethylnorbo
rnan-2-one
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Betulin Not Available Not Available C30H50O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Amyrin 559-70-6 (3S,4aS,6aR,6bS,8aR,
12aR,14aS,14bS)-4,4,
6a,6b,8a,11,11,14b-o
ctamethyl- 1,2,3,4a
,5,6,7,8,9,10,12,12a
,14,14a-tetradecahyd
ropicen-3-ol
C30H50O
Ursolic acid 77-52-1 10-hydroxy-1,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-2,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12, 13,14b-t
etradecahydro-1H-pic
ene-4a-carboxylic
acid
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Rosmarinic acid 537-15-5 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-2-[3-(3,4-dihydr
oxyphenyl)prop-2-eno
yloxy]prop anoic
acid
C18H16O8 Click Here To Enlarge
1,8-Cineole 8024-53-1 2,2,4-trimethyl-3-ox
abicyclo[2.2.2]octan
e
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Alpha-Amyrin 638-95-9 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,12,1
4b-octamethyl-2,3,4a
,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,
12a,14,14a
-tetradecahydro-1H-p
icen-3-ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Phellandrene 2243-33-6 2-methyl-5-propan-2-
yl-cyclohexa-1,3-die
ne
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Pinene 80-56-8 2,7,7-trimethylbicyc
lo[3.1.1]hept-2-ene
C10H16
alpha-Terpinene 99-86-5 1-methyl-4-propan-2-
yl-cyclohexa-1,3-die
ne
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Terpineol 10482-56-1 2-(4-methyl-1-cycloh
ex-3-enyl)propan-2-o
l
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Thujone 546-80-5 2-methyl-5-propan-2-
yl-bicyclo[3.1.0]hex
an-3-one
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Apigenin 520-36-5 4,5-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-chrome
n-7-one
C15H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic Acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Benzyl alcohol 185532-71-2 phenylmethanol C7H8O Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-Amyrin 559-70-6 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,11,1
4b-octamethyl-1,2,3,
4a,5,6,7,8,9,10,12,1
2a,14,14a- tetradec
ahydropicen-3-ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Thujone 1125-12-8 2-methyl-5-propan-2-
yl-bicyclo[3.1.0]hex
an-3-one
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Betulin Not Available Not Available C30H50O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Borneol 10385-78-1 1,7,7-trimethylnorbo
rnan-2-ol
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Bornyl acetate 20347-65-3 (1,7,7-trimethylnorb
ornan-2-yl) acetate
C12H20O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Camphene 5794-04-7 2,2-dimethyl-3-methy
lidene-norbornane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Camphor 8022-77-3 1,7,7-trimethylnorbo
rnan-2-one
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Carvone 53763-73-8 2-methyl-5-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohex-2-en-
1-one
C10H14O Click Here To Enlarge
Caryophyllene 87-44-5 4,11,11-trimethyl-8-
methylidene-bicyclo[
7.2.0]undec-4-ene
C15H24 Click Here To Enlarge
Chlorogenic acid 327-97-9 3-[3-(3,4-dihydroxyp
henyl)prop-2-enoylox
y]-1,4,5-trihydroxy-
cyclohexan e-1-carb
oxylic acid
C16H18O9 Click Here To Enlarge
delta-Cadinene Not Available 1,6-dimethyl-4-propa
n-2-yl-2,3,4,4a,7,8-
hexahydronaphthalene
C15H24 Click Here To Enlarge
Diosmetin 520-34-3 4,5-dihydroxy-2-(3-h
ydroxy-4-methoxy-phe
nyl)-chromen-7-one
C16H12O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Ethanol 8024-45-1 ethanol C2H6O Click Here To Enlarge
Fenchone 18492-37-0 1,3,3-trimethylnorbo
rnan-2-one
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
gamma-Terpinene 99-85-4 1-methyl-4-propan-2-
yl-cyclohexa-1,4-die
ne
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Geraniol 8007-13-4 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dien-1-ol
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Limonene 9003-73-0 1-methyl-4-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Luteolin-7-glucoside 5373-11-5 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4-hydroxy-7-[3,4
,5-trihydroxy-6-(hyd
roxymethyl )oxan-2-
yl]oxy-chromen-5-one
C21H20O11 Click Here To Enlarge
Myrcene 2153-31-3 7-methyl-3-methylide
ne-octa-1,6-diene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Nepetin 520-11-6 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-5,7-dihydroxy-6-
methoxy-chromen-4-on
e
C16H12O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 Pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleanolic acid 508-02-1 10-hydroxy-2,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12, 13,14b-t
etradecahydropicene-
4a-carboxylic acid
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
p-Cymene Not Available Dichlororuthenium;
1-methyl-5,6-dihydro
-4H-pyrimidine;
p-cymene
C15H24Cl2N2Ru Click Here To Enlarge
Safrole Not Available 5-prop-2-enylbenzo[1
,3]dioxole
C10H10O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Terpinen-4-ol Not Available 1-methyl-4-propan-2-
yl-cyclohex-3-en-1-o
l
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Terpinolene 586-62-9 1-methyl-4-propan-2-
ylidene-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Thymol 89-83-8 5-methyl-2-propan-2-
yl-phenol
C10H14O Click Here To Enlarge
trans-Anethole 57131-42-7 1-methoxy-4-[(E)-pro
p-1-enyl]benzene
C10H12O Click Here To Enlarge
Ursolic acid 77-52-1 10-hydroxy-1,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-2,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12,
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Acetic acid 77671-22-8 acetic acid C2H4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Betulinic Acid 4481-62-3 Not Available C30H46O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Carnosol Not Available Not Available C20H26O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Carnosic acid Not Available (4aR,10aS)-5,6-dihyd
roxy-1,1-dimethyl-7-
propan-2-yl-2,3,4,9,
10,10a-hex ahydroph
enanthrene-4a-carbox
ylic acid
C20H28O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Carvacrol 499-75-2 2-methyl-5-propan-2-
yl-phenol
C10H14O Click Here To Enlarge
Diosmin Not Available 5-hydroxy-2-(3-hydro
xy-4-methoxy-phenyl)
-7-[(2S,3R,4S,5R,6R)
-3,4,5-tri hydroxy-
6-[[(2R,3R,4R,5S,6S)
-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
methyl-oxan-2-yl]oxy
me thyl]oxan-2-yl]o
xy-chromen-4-one
C28H32O15 Click Here To Enlarge
Hesperidin 520-26-3 5-hydroxy-2-(3-hydro
xy-4-methoxy-phenyl)
-7-[3,4,5-trihydroxy
-6-[(3,4,5 -trihydr
oxy-6-methyl-oxan-2-
yl)oxymethyl]oxan-2-
yl]oxy-chroman-4-one
C28H34O15 Click Here To Enlarge
Luteolin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-ch
romen-7-one
C15H10O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Rosmarinic acid 537-15-5 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-2-[3-(3,4-dihydr
oxyphenyl)prop-2-eno
yloxy]prop anoic
acid
C18H16O8 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Healing wounds in rheumatism and stimulating the apetite; stimulating the cardiovascular system (5% tincture); as a gargle for sore-throat, in headache and in tardy menstruation (oil)

Contraindication

Should be monitored carefully when taken since it can cause harmful side effects (such as greatly irritating the lining of the digestive organs).

Reference

Stary, The Natural Guide to Medicinal Herbs and Plants.


Grieve. M. A Modern Herbal (1931) (www.botanical.com).

Johnson T. CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference (www.herbweb.com/herbage).

Dealers

Naturalin

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