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Home » Plant infomation

Polygonum hydropiper  Linn.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Polygonum hydropiper Linn.

English Name

:

Pepperwort, Smartweed and Waterpepper

Synonym(s)

:

Polygonum flaccidum Meissn.

Family

:

Polygonaceae

 

General Info

Description

A glabrous, often glandular, reddish, annual or perennial herb, up to 80 cm high. Leaves linear-lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate with resinous cavities; flowers pink or red in slender racemes: nuts granulate, finely dotted.

Herb Effects

Stimulant, hemostatic, sedative, diuretic, styptic, emmenagogue and lithontriptic (plant); antiovulatory, stimulant, diuretic, carminative, tonic and anthelmintic and antifertility (root); anti-inflammatory, astringent, carminative, diaphoretic, diuretic, emmenagogue, stimulant, stomachic, styptic, antibiotic and cytotoxic (leaf); carminative, diuretic and stimulant (seed)

Links

Water Pepper
Plants for a Future
The Physiomedical Dispensatory
King's American Dispensatory

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Polygodial, warburganal, confertifolin and drimenol (leaf); anthraquinone and hydropiperoside (root); flavonoids, tannins and rutin (plant); izotadeonal (essential oil).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Polygodial 33118-34-2 (1S,4aR,8aR)-5,5,8a-
trimethyl-1,4,4a,6,7
,8-hexahydronaphthal
ene-1,2-di carbalde
hyde
C15H22O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Warburganal Not Available (1S,4aS,8aS)-1-hydro
xy-5,5,8a-trimethyl-
4a,6,7,8-tetrahydro-
4H-naphtha lene-1,2
-dicarbaldehyde
C15H22O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Confertifolin Not Available Not Available C15H22O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Drimenol 468-68-8 (2,5,5,8a-tetramethy
l-1,4,4a,6,7,8-hexah
ydronaphthalen-1-yl)
methanol
C15H26O Click Here To Enlarge
Anthraquinone 84-65-1 Anthracene-9,10-dion
e
C14H8O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Rutin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
[(3,4,5-tr ihydroxy
-6-methyl-tetrahydro
pyran-2-yl)oxymethyl
]tetrahydropyran-2-y
l] oxy-chromen-7-on
e trihydrate
C27H36O19 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In treating diarrhoea, dyspepsia, itching skin, excessive menstrual bleeding, menstrual pains and haemorrhoids and as a sedative (plant); as a tonic (root).

Contraindication

People with a tendency to rheumatism, arthritis, gout, kidney stones or hyperacidity should take especial caution if including this plant in their diet since it can aggravate their condition.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


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