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Home » Plant infomation

Martynia annua  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Martynia annua L.

English Name

:

Devil's Claw

Synonym(s)

:

Carpoceras angulata A. Rich., Disteria angulosa Raf., Martynia angulosa, Lam., Martynia diandra Glox. Vatkea diandra O. Hoffm.

Family

:

Martyniaceae

 

General Info

Description

A herbaceous, erect, branched, glandular hairy annual, 0.3 to 2 m high. Leaves opposite, broadly ovate to deltoid; base cordate, apex acute, margins repand-dentate; petioles 7 to 18 cm long. Flowers large, foxglove-shaped, pink and dark purple blotched with yellow inside, borne in 10 to 20 flowered racemes 4 to 10 cm long. Fruit hard, woody, with 2 sharp recurved hooks; seeds oblong.

Herb Effects

Antiseptic (leaf); stimulates the cardiovascular system and respiration and has effect on a nictating membrane (seed).

Links

PIER

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Apigenin, luteolin, cyanidin and pelargonidin-3-5-diglucoside (flower).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Apigenin 520-36-5 4,5-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-chrome
n-7-one
C15H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Luteolin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-ch
romen-7-one
C15H10O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Cyanidin 87725-42-6 [2-(3,4-dihydroxyphe
nyl)-3,7-dihydroxy-c
hromen-5-ylidene]oxo
nium
C15H11O6+ Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Scorpion sting (plant); and in epilepsy, and applied to tuberculous glands of the neck (leaf); for sore throat (juice); in inflammations (fruit); to the bites of venomous insects (Nut paste); on wounds (leaf paste); in itching and abscess (seed oil)

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

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