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Home » Plant infomation

Cucurbita maxima  DUCHESNE

   

Botanical Name

:

Cucurbita maxima DUCHESNE

English Name

:

Great Pumpkin. White Gourd and Pumpkin Seed

Synonym(s)

:

Cucurbita maxima turbaniformis ((M.Roem.Alef.), Cucurbita maxima andreana ((Naudin.)Filov.), Cucurbita polymorpha, Duch. Cucurbita ovifera, Linn. Cucurbita verrucosa, Linn. Cucurbita moschata, Duch, Cucurbita pepo. Linn.

Family

:

Cucurbitaceae

 

General Info

Description

A very large annual herb, with a prostrate spreading stem reaching 30 to 40 feet in length, stout, tough, becoming wood below, angular, pale green, thickly set with coarse, harsh, more or less bristly hairs, slightly branched. Leaves numerous, alternate, on long hispid striated petioles, large, sometimes a foot in diameter, broadly cordate-ovate, more or less deeply 5-lobed, the lobes either obtuse, rounded, or acute, entire or toothed, dark green, often mottled with white, very hispid on both surfaces; tendrils long, slender, un-branched or palmate.

Herb Effects

The seeds are diuretic, tonic, vermifuge, anthelmintic and influences muscle contractility of the frog heart (in vivo and in vitro).

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Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Linolenic acid, oleic acid, Vitamin A (fruit); sterols and triterpenoids (seed oil).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Linolenic acid 94138-91-7 octadeca-9,12,15-tri
enoic acid
C18H30O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Vitamin A 50-37-3 Not Available C20H25N3O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Strangury, urinary affections and gonorrhea (plant); neuralgia and migraine (seed oil). As a remedy for intestinal tapeworms and roundworms , the seeds are less potent than the root of Dryopteris felix-mas, but safer for pregnant women, debilitated patients and children. The oil from the seed is used as a nerve tonic. The fruit pulp is used as a soothing poultice on burns, inflammations and boils.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Bentley and Trimen, Medicinal Plants.

Johnson T. CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference (www.herbweb.com/herbage).

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