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Home » Plant infomation

Cleome gynandra  L.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Cleome gynandra L.

English Name

:

African Spider Flower, Bastard Mustard and Coyers

Synonym(s)

:

Gynandropsis pentaphyllaDC., Gynandropsis gynandra (L.)Briq.

Family

:

Capparaceae

 

General Info

Description

An erect herbaceous annual herb, which is branched and rather stout. it can grow up to 1.5 m in height, and is usually 0.5-1.0 m tall. It has a long tap root, with a few secondary roots with root hairs. Stems and leaf petioles are thickly glandular and rarely glabrous. Leaves are alternate, digitately palmate and petiolate. Each leaf has 3-7 leaflets, but most commonly 5 (rarely 3-4), which are pinnately dissected and sessile. They vary from obovate to elliptic in shape, and are usually 2-10 cm long and 2-4 cm wide. They are sparsely hairy, but this is variable, and they have finely toothed margins or round ends. The petioles are 3-23 cm long, the cotyledonary leaves have single leaflets, and leaves are oppositely arranged on the stem. The flowers measure 1-2.5 cm in diameter, and have 4 sepals, 4 narrow clawed petals, and 6 stamens with long purple filaments, arising from a much elongated receptacle. The sepals are ovate to lanceolate, measuring up to 8 mm in length, and are glandular. The fruit is a long-stalked, dry, dehiscent silique, which is a spindle-shaped capsule measuring up to 12 cm long and 8-10 mm wide. Seeds are small, suborbicular and sharply tuberculate, with many concentric ribs and irregular cross-ribs.

Herb Effects

Alleviates spasms and anticancer (50% EtOH plant extract); anthelmintic and rubefacient (seed); analgesic (leaf sap); antipyretic (root decoction)

Links

Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops.11.
PIER
Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Hexacosanol, glucocapparin, kaempferol, beta-sitosterol and its glucosides (seed).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Hexacosanol 28346-64-7 Not Available Not Available Click Here To Enlarge
Glucocapparin 497-77-8 3,4,5-trihydroxy-2-(
hydroxymethyl)-6-(1-
sulfonatooxyiminoeth
ylsulfanyl )oxane
C8H14NO9S2- Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol 80714-53-0 3-[3-[4,5-dihydroxy-
6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-oxan-2-yl
]oxy-4,5-dihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2 -yl]oxy-4,5-dihy
droxy-2-(4-hydroxyph
enyl)-chromen-7-one
C33H40O21 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Used as a poutice on sores infested with maggots (seed paste); curing coughs (infusion); to cure diseases such as scurvy, to improve eyesight, provide energy and cure marasmus (leaves); squeezed into ears, nostrils and eyes to treat epileptic fits and earache (leaf sap); facilitate childbirth in pregnant women, treat stomach-ache and constipation, treat severe thread-worm infection, relieve chest pains (boiled leaves or roots); in the treatment of scorpion stings and snake bites (plant).

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

Johnson T. CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference (www.herbweb.com/herbage).

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