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Home » Plant infomation

Citrullus lanatus  (Thunb.) Matsumura & Nakai

   

Botanical Name

:

Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsumura & Nakai

English Name

:

Watermelon

Synonym(s)

:

Citrullus vulgaris Schrad. ex Ecklon & Zeyher; Citrullus edulis Spach; Colocynthis citrullus (Linn.) Kuntze.

Family

:

Cucurbitaceae

 

General Info

Description

A trailing or climbing, hispid, monoecious annual. Stem angular, grooved, hairy, tendrils 2-3fid; leaves ovate to obovate, lobes bipinnatifid, scabrous, up to 17 cm long; flowers yellow, solitary or paired on long peduncles; fruits globose or oblong with rounded ends, up to 60 cm long, rind green or cream, mottled or striped with longitudinal irregular bands, waxy, hard, flesh soft, spongy, juicy, reddish pink or pale pink, sweet, sometimes bitter in wild forms; seeds numerous 6-10 mm long, pyriform, compressed, black, pink, brown, white or yellow.

Herb Effects

Laxative (plant); diuretic, cooling, demulcent, diuretic, purgative and aphrodisiac (seed); febrifuge (leaves)

Links

Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai
Plants for a Future
PIER

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Alanine, acetylserin, arginine, aspartic acid, beta-carotene, beta-ionone, cucurbitacin-E,, cysteine, folacin, geranial, glutamic acid, glycine, hexanol, lutein, lycopene, lysine, methionine, niacin, nonanal, pantothenic acid, pectin, phenylalanine, thiamin, tryptophan, tyrosine, T-2-heptenal, T-2-octenol, valine (fruit); alanine, a- and ß-aminobutyric acids, arginine, citrulline, glutamic acid, glycine, leucine, phenylalanine and valine (juice); lauric acid, linoleic acid, oleic acid, palmitic acid (seed)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Hexanol 23275-26-5 hexan-1-ol C6H14O Click Here To Enlarge
Arginine 7004-12-8 2-amino-5-guanidino-
pentanoic acid
C6H14N4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Citrulline 627-77-0 2-amino-5-carbamoyla
mino-pentanoic acid
C6H13N3O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Glutamic acid Not Available 2-aminopentanedioic
acid
C5H9NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
Glycine 87867-94-5 2-aminoacetic acid C2H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Leucine 2439-37-4 2-dimethylamino-4-me
thyl-pentanoic acid
C8H17NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Valine 7004-03-7 2-amino-3-methyl-but
anoic acid
C5H11NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Nonanal 124-19-6 nonanal C9H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-ionone 14901-07-6 4-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1
-cyclohexenyl)but-3-
en-2-one
C13H20O Click Here To Enlarge
Alanine 35597-43-4 2-[2-[2-amino-4-(hyd
roxy-methyl-phosphor
yl)-butanoyl]aminopr
opanoylami no]propa
noic acid
C11H22N3O6P Click Here To Enlarge
Phenylalanine 3617-44-5 2-amino-3-phenyl-pro
panoic acid
C9H11NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Aspartic acid 6899-03-2 2-aminobutanedioic
acid
C4H7NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-ionone 14901-07-6 4-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1
-cyclohexenyl)but-3-
en-2-one
C13H20O Click Here To Enlarge
Cucurbitacin E Not Available [(E,6R)-6-[(8S,9R,10
S,13R,14S,16R,17R)-2
,16-dihydroxy-4,4,9,
13,14-pent amethyl-
3,11-dioxo-8,10,12,1
5,16,17-hexahydro-7H
-cyclopenta[a]phenan
th ren-17-yl]-6-hyd
roxy-2-methyl-5-oxo-
hept-3-en-2-yl]
acetate
C32H44O8 Click Here To Enlarge
Cysteine 4371-52-2 2-amino-3-sulfanyl-p
ropanoic acid
C3H7NO2S Click Here To Enlarge
Folacin 6484-89-5 2-[4-[(2-amino-4-oxo
-1H-pteridin-6-yl)me
thylamino]benzoyl]am
inopentane dioic
acid
C19H19N7O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Geranial 141-27-5 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dienal
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Lycopene Not Available 2,6,10,14,19,23,27,3
1-octamethyldotriaco
nta-2,6,8,10,12,14,1
6,18,20,22 ,24,26,3
0-tridecaene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Lysine 923-27-3 2,6-diaminohexanoic
acid
C6H14N2O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Methionine 348-67-4 2-amino-4-methylsulf
anyl-butanoic acid
C5H11NO2S Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Nonanal 124-19-6 nonanal C9H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Pantothenic acid 599-54-2 3-[(2,4-dihydroxy-3,
3-dimethyl-butanoyl)
amino]propanoic acid
C9H17NO5 Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
Tryptophan 80206-30-0 2-amino-3-(1H-indol-
3-yl)propanoic acid
C11H12N2O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Tyrosine 556-02-5 2-amino-3-(4-hydroxy
phenyl)-propanoic
acid
C9H11NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Lauric acid 8045-27-0 Dodecanoic acid C12H24O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

As a tonic, in the treatment of cancer, bed wetting and urinary infections, paralyzes tapeworms and roundworms (seed); in strangury and urinary complaints (fresh juice); effective in the treatment of dropsy and renal stones (fruit); in diarrhoea (pericarp); in diabetes (rind of the fruit).

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Tabata M. Tanaka S. Cho HJ. Uno C. Shimakura J. Ito M. Kamisako W. Honda C. Production of an anti-allergic triterpene bryonolic acid by plant cell cultures. J Nat Prod 1993 Feb;56.

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