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Home » Plant infomation

Beta vulgaris  Linn.

   

Botanical Name

:

Beta vulgaris Linn.

English Name

:

Beet or Sugarbeat

Family

:

Chenopodiaceae

 

General Info

Description

Herb with a turnip-shaped rhizome. The leaves can be 4-18 in (10.2-45.7 cm) or more in length, and dark shiny green to red. Beets produce a flowering stalk in the second growing season that can stand up to 4 ft (1.2 m) tall. It bears small greenish or reddish flowers which lack petals. The fruit develops from aggregates of two or more flowers.

Herb Effects

Antifertility (root extract); emmenagogue (leaves and roots).

Links

Botanical.com
Floridata

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Adenine, adipic acid, allantoin, arginine, beta-carotene, beta-sitosterol, betaine, citric acid, cystine, folacin, formaldehyde, GABA, glutamic acid, glycine, linoleic acid, lysine, methionine, MUFA, oleic acid, ornithine, oxalic acid, p-hydroxy benzoic acid, palmitic acid, pantothenic acid, phenylalanine, salicyclic acid, stearic acid, syringic acid, tartaric acid, tryptophan, tyrosine, vanillic acid, vanillin (root); betanin, p-coumaric acid, quercetin (plant); alpha-linolenic acid, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, chlorobenzene, chloroform, ferulic acid, octane, phenylacetonitrile and phenylacetaldehyde (leaf); alpha-tocopherol, ascorbic acid, niacin, riboflavin, thiamin (leaf, root); farnesol (root essential oil); kaempferol (plant).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Adenine 5426-35-7 7H-purin-6-amine C5H5N5 Click Here To Enlarge
Adipic acid 7486-39-7 hexanedioic acid C6H10O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Allantoin 97-59-6 (2,5-dioxoimidazolid
in-4-yl)urea
C4H6N4O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Arginine 7004-12-8 2-amino-5-guanidino-
pentanoic acid
C6H14N4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Betaine 590-47-6 Carboxymethyl-trimet
hyl-ammonium
hydroxide
C5H13NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Citric acid Not Available 2-hydroxypropane-1,2
,3-tricarboxylic
acid
C6H8O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Cystine 24645-67-8 2-amino-3-(2-amino-2
-carboxy-ethyl)disul
fanyl-propanoic acid
C6H12N2O4S2 Click Here To Enlarge
Folacin 6484-89-5 2-[4-[(2-amino-4-oxo
-1H-pteridin-6-yl)me
thylamino]benzoyl]am
inopentane dioic
acid
C19H19N7O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Formaldehyde 8013-13-6 formaldehyde CH2O Click Here To Enlarge
Gaba 70582-09-1 4-aminobutanoic acid C4H9NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Glutamic acid Not Available 2-aminopentanedioic
acid
C5H9NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
Glycine 87867-94-5 2-aminoacetic acid C2H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Lysine 923-27-3 2,6-diaminohexanoic
acid
C6H14N2O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Methionine 348-67-4 2-amino-4-methylsulf
anyl-butanoic acid
C5H11NO2S Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Ornithine 1069-31-4 (2R)-2,5-diaminopent
anoic acid
C5H12N2O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oxalic acid 553-91-3 Oxalic acid C2H2O4 Click Here To Enlarge
p-Hydroxybenzoic acid 99-96-7 4-hydroxybenzoic
acid
C7H6O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 Hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Pantothenic acid 599-54-2 3-[(2,4-dihydroxy-3,
3-dimethyl-butanoyl)
amino]propanoic acid
C9H17NO5 Click Here To Enlarge
Phenylalanine 3617-44-5 2-amino-3-phenyl-pro
panoic acid
C9H11NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Salicylic acid 8052-31-1 2-hydroxybenzoic
acid
C7H6O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Stearic acid 82497-27-6 octadecanoic acid C18H36O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Syringic acid 64887-60-1 4-hydroxy-3,5-dimeth
oxy-benzoic acid
C9H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Tartaric acid 526-83-0 2,3-dihydroxybutaned
ioic acid
C4H6O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Tryptophan 80206-30-0 2-amino-3-(1H-indol-
3-yl)propanoic acid
C11H12N2O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Tyrosine 556-02-5 2-amino-3-(4-hydroxy
phenyl)-propanoic
acid
C9H11NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Vanillic acid Not Available 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-
benzoic acid
C8H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Vanillin 8014-42-4 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-
benzaldehyde
C8H8O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Betanin Not Available (2S)-1-[(2Z)-2-[(2S)
-2,6-dicarboxy-2,3-d
ihydro-1H-pyridin-4-
ylidene]et hylidene
]-6-hydroxy-5-[(2S,3
R,4S,5R,6R)-3,4,5-tr
ihydroxy-6-(hydroxym
et hyl)oxan-2-yl]ox
y-2,3-dihydroindole-
2-carboxylate
C24H26N2O13 Click Here To Enlarge
P-coumaric acid 501-98-4 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)p
rop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Linolenic acid 94138-91-7 octadeca-9,12,15-tri
enoic acid
C18H30O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Chlorogenic acid 327-97-9 3-[3-(3,4-dihydroxyp
henyl)prop-2-enoylox
y]-1,4,5-trihydroxy-
cyclohexan e-1-carb
oxylic acid
C16H18O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Chlorobenzene 50717-45-8 chlorobenzene C6H5Cl Click Here To Enlarge
Chloroform 8013-54-5 chloroform CHCl3 Click Here To Enlarge
Ferulic acid 24276-84-4 3-(4-hydroxy-3-metho
xy-phenyl)prop-2-eno
ic acid
C10H10O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Octane 31372-91-5 octane C8H18 Click Here To Enlarge
Phenylacetonitrile Not Available 2-phenylacetonitrile C8H7N Click Here To Enlarge
Phenylacetaldehyde 122-78-1 2-phenylacetaldehyde C8H8O Click Here To Enlarge
Alpha-tocopherol 364-50-1 2,5,7,8-tetramethyl-
2-(5,9,13-trimethylt
etradecyl)chroman-6-
ol
C30H52O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic Acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 Pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
Farnesol Not Available 3,7,11-trimethyldode
ca-2,6,10-trien-1-ol
C15H26O Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol 80714-53-0 3-[3-[4,5-dihydroxy-
6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-oxan-2-yl
]oxy-4,5-dihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2 -yl]oxy-4,5-dihy
droxy-2-(4-hydroxyph
enyl)-chromen-7-one
C33H40O21 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Blood plasma substitute (pulp); provides vitamin A source (plant); to open obstructions of the liver and spleen, for the headache and swimmings therein and all affections of the brain, to help tumors, leukemia and other forms of cancer, e.g. cancer of the breast, esophagus, glands, head, intestines, leg, lip, lung, prostate, rectum, spleen, stomach, and uterus (juice); for tumors of the intestines (seeds)

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Johnson T. CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference (www.herbweb.com/herbage).

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