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Home » Plant infomation

Centaurium erythraea  Rafn.

   

Botanical Name

:

Centaurium erythraea Rafn.

English Name

:

Common or Lesser Centaury. Centaury Gentian. Red Centaury. Filwort. Centory. Christ's Ladder and Feverwort

Synonym(s)

:

Centaurium minus Auct., Centaurium umbellatum Gilib., Erythraea centaurium Auct.

Family

:

Gentianaceae

 

General Info

Description

An annual, with a yellowish, fibrous, woody root, the stem stiff, square and erect, 3 to 12 inches in height, often branching considerably at the summit. The leaves are of a pale green colour, smooth and shiny, their margins undivided. The lowest leaves are broader than the others, oblong or wedge-shaped, narrowed at the base, blunt at the end and form a spreading tuft at the base of the plant, while the stalkless stem-leaves are pointed and lance-shaped, growing in pairs opposite to one another at somewhat distant intervals on the stalk, which is crowned by flat tufts (corymbs) of rose-coloured, star-like flowers, with five-cleft corollas.

Herb Effects

Appetizer, aromatic, bitter, cholagogue, diaphoretic, digestive, emetic, weakly febrifuge, hepatic, stomachic and tonic (herb)

Links

Plants for a Future
Herb Information
Botanical.com

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Alpha-amyrin, amarogentin, beta-amyrin, beta-sitosterol, caffeic acid, ferulic acid, gentianidine, gentianine, gentiopicroside, linoleic acid, oleanolic acid, oleic acid, p-coumaric acid, p-hydroxy benzoic acid, palmitic acid, protocatechuic acid, sinapic acid, stearic acid, sweroside, swertiamarin, syringic acid, vanillic acid (plant)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Alpha amyrin 638-95-9 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,12,1
4b-octamethyl-2,3,4a
,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,
12a,14,14a -tetrade
cahydro-1H-picen-3-o
l
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Amarogentin Not Availablec [(2S,3R,4S,5R,6R)-4,
5-dihydroxy-6-(hydro
xymethyl)-2-[[(10S)-
10-hydroxy -5-oxo-4
,8-dioxabicyclo[4.4.
0]dec-6-en-9-yl]oxy]
oxan-3-yl]
2,4-dihydro xy-6-(3
-hydroxyphenyl)benzo
ate
C27H28O14 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-Amyrin 559-70-6 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,11,1
4b-octamethyl-1,2,3,
4a,5,6,7,8,9,10,12,1
2a,14,14a- tetradec
ahydropicen-3-ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Ferulic acid 24276-84-4 3-(4-hydroxy-3-metho
xy-phenyl)prop-2-eno
ic acid
C10H10O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Gentianidine 2202-12-2 3-methyl-8-oxa-4-aza
bicyclo[4.4.0]deca-2
,4,11-trien-7-one
C9H9NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Gentianine 439-89-4 10-ethenyl-8-oxa-4-a
zabicyclo[4.4.0]deca
-2,4,11-trien-7-one
C10H9NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Gentiopicroside 20831-76-9 7-ethenyl-8-[3,4,5-t
rihydroxy-6-(hydroxy
methyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy
-3,9-dioxa bicyclo[
4.4.0]deca-5,10-dien
-2-one
C16H20O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleanolic acid 508-02-1 10-hydroxy-2,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12,
13,14b-tetradecahydr
opicene-4a-carboxyli
c acid
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
P-coumaric acid 501-98-4 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)p
rop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O3 Click Here To Enlarge
p-Hydroxybenzoic acid 99-96-7 4-hydroxybenzoic
acid
C7H6O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 Hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Protocatechuic acid 5417-95-8 N,N-diethyl-N'-(2,4,
8,9-tetrazabicyclo[4
.3.0]nona-2,4,7,10-t
etraen-5-y l)propan
e-1,3-diamine
C12H20N6 Click Here To Enlarge
Sinapic acid 530-59-6 3-(4-hydroxy-3,5-dim
ethoxy-phenyl)prop-2
-enoic acid
C11H12O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Stearic acid 82497-27-6 octadecanoic acid C18H36O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Sweroside 14215-86-2 (1S,9S,10S)-10-ethen
yl-9-[(2S,3R,4S,5R,6
R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-
6-(hydroxy methyl)o
xan-2-yl]oxy-4,8-dio
xabicyclo[4.4.0]dec-
6-en-5-one
C16H22O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Swertiamarin 17388-39-5 (1R,9S,10R)-10-ethen
yl-1-hydroxy-9-[(2S,
3R,4S,5R,6R)-3,4,5-t
rihydroxy- 6-(hydro
xymethyl)oxan-2-yl]o
xy-4,8-dioxabicyclo[
4.4.0]dec-6-en-5-one
C16H22O10 Click Here To Enlarge
Syringic acid 64887-60-1 4-hydroxy-3,5-dimeth
oxy-benzoic acid
C9H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Vanillic acid Not Available 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-
benzoic acid
C8H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Acts on the liver and kidneys, purifies the blood and is an excellent tonic for the digestive system; good application to wounds and sores (fresh herb), Anorexia, kidney stones, anemia, as well as all digestive problems, including dyspepsia, constipation, flatulence, heartburn, etc.

Reference

Stary, Medicinal Herbs and Plants.


Beerhues L. Benzophenone synthase from cultured cells of Centaurium erythraea FEBS Lett1996 Apr 1;383(3):264-6.

Grieve M. A Modern Herbal. 1931 (www.botanical.com).

Johnson Timothy. CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference.

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