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Home » Plant infomation

Equisetum arvense  L.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Equisetum arvense L.

English Name

:

Common Horsetail. Shave-grass. Bottle-brush. Paddock-pipes. Dutch Rushes and Pewterwort

Synonym(s)

:

Equiseti hiemalis

Family

:

Equisetaceae

 

General Info

Description

The stems spring from a creeping rhizome, or root-stock, which produces at its joints a number of roots, they are erect, jointed, brittle and grooved, hollow except at the joints and with air-cells in their walls under the grooves. There are no leaves, the joints terminating in toothed sheathes, the teeth corresponding with the ridges and representing leaves. Branches, if present, arise from the sheathbases and are solid. It bears a terminal cone-like catkin, consisting of numerous closely-packed peltae, upon the under margins of which are the sporanges, containing microscopic spores, attached to elastic threads, which are coiled round the spore when moist and uncoil when dry.

Herb Effects

The plant is anodyne, antihaemorrhagic, antiseptic, astringent, carminative, diaphoretic, diuretic, galactogogue, haemostatic, vulnerary, improves elasticity of and strengthens ligaments, antiiaging and promotes blood coagulation.

Links

Equisetum arvense
Australian Naturopathic Network.
Plants for a Future
Herb Information

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Ascorbic acid, beta-carotene, bita-sitosterol, caffeic acid, ferulic acid, gallic acid, isoquercitrin, kaempferol, luteolin, mallic acid, naringenin, niacin, nicotine, p-coumaric acid, silicic acid, silicone, saponins and flavonoids.

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Ferulic acid 24276-84-4 3-(4-hydroxy-3-metho
xy-phenyl)prop-2-eno
ic acid
C10H10O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Gallic acid 149-91-7 3,4,5-trihydroxybenz
oic acid
C7H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Isoquercitrin 21637-25-2 3-[5-(1,2-dihydroxye
thyl)-3,4-dihydroxy-
oxolan-2-yl]oxy-2-(3
,4-dihydro xyphenyl
)-4,5-dihydroxy-chro
men-7-one
C21H20O12 Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol 80714-53-0 3-[3-[4,5-dihydroxy-
6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-oxan-2-yl
]oxy-4,5-dihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2 -yl]oxy-4,5-dihy
droxy-2-(4-hydroxyph
enyl)-chromen-7-one
C33H40O21 Click Here To Enlarge
Luteolin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-ch
romen-7-one
C15H10O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Naringenin Not Available 5,7-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-chroma
n-4-one
C15H12O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Nicotine 65-31-6 3-(1-methylpyrrolidi
n-2-yl)pyridine
C10H14N2 Click Here To Enlarge
p-Coumaric acid 501-98-4 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)p
rop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Silicic acid 98530-20-2 dihydroxy-oxo-silane H2O3Si Click Here To Enlarge
Silicone 90337-93-2 silane H4Si Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Lower back problems (related to the musculoskeleton) and rheumatism. Horsetail is found beneficial in dropsy, gravel and kidney affections. The ashes of the plant are considered very valuable in acidity of the stomach, dyspepsia, etc. Besides being useful in kidney and bladder trouble, a strong decoction acts as an emmenagogue; being cooling and astringent, it is of efficacy for haemorrhage, cystic ulceration and ulcers in the urinary passages. The decoction applied externally will stop the bleeding of wounds and quickly heal them, and will also reduce the swelling of eyelids. Horsetails have an unusual chemistry compared to most other plants.

Contraindication

Contraindicated in cardiac or renal dysfunction. The herb in powdered form is not recommended for children or for prolonged use due to the inorganic silica content though decoctions contain mainly organic silica in colloidal form so are not problematic in this reaged. Toxicity is reported to be similar to nicotene poisoning in children who have chewed the stem.

Reference

Stary, Medicinal Herbs and Plants.


Grieve M. A Modern Herbal. 1931 (www.botanical.com).

Johnson Timothy. CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference (www.herbweb.com/herbage).

Phytochemical Database. USDA - ARS - NGRL. Beltsville Agricultural Research Center.

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