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Home » Plant infomation

Smilax china  L.

   

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Botanical Name

:

Smilax china L.

English Name

:

China root

Synonym(s)

:

Coprosmanthus japonicus, Smilax ferox, Smilax japonica

Family

:

Smilacaceae

 

General Info

Description

A climbing shrub with tuberous roots, stems prickly, leaves stalked and veined, with a tendril on each side of the leaf stalks. The flowers have globular heads, sessile in the axils of the leaves, Tubers cylindrical, irregular, 4 to 6 inches long, 2 inches thick, slightly flattened, having short knotty branches, with a rust-coloured shiny bark, sometimes smooth, may be wrinkled, internally pale fawn colour, mealy, small resin cells, no odour, taste indifferent, afterwards slightly bitter and acrid. The fruit is about 9 mm in diameter.

Herb Effects

The root is alterative, antiscrophulatic, carminative, depurative, diaphoretic, diuretic and tonic.

Links

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Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Diosgenin, tannin (root); oleic acid (plant); rutin (leaf)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Rutin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
[(3,4,5-tr ihydroxy
-6-methyl-tetrahydro
pyran-2-yl)oxymethyl
]tetrahydropyran-2-y
l] oxy-chromen-7-on
e trihydrate
C27H36O19 Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Diosgenin 512-04-9 Not Available C27H42O3 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Old syphilitic cases and is also used for certain skin diseases, including psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, enteritis, urinary tract infections, skin ulcers etc.

Contraindication

Large doses can cause nausea and vomiting, which is valuable in weakened and depraved conditions due to a poisoned state of the blood.

Reference

Sharma PV. Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.

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