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Home » Plant infomation

Triticum aestivum  Linn.

   

Botanical Name

:

Triticum aestivum Linn.

English Name

:

Bread wheat

Synonym(s)

:

Triticum sativum Lam., Triticum vulgare Vill.

Family

:

Poaceae

 

General Info

Description

An annual grass, commonly 60-150 cm in height, but may be as short as 30 cm. Stems tufted, erect or semi-erect to prostrate, generally hollow with thin walls, but in some varieties partially or completely filled with pith: nodes generally 5-7, wholly or partially covered by leaf sheaths; leaves long and narrow, with prominent parallel veins, and having ligule and the auricles, glabrous or hairy on one or both surfaces; inflorescence a spike of spikelets, commonly called 'ear', with a tough rachis, awned or awnless, glabrous or hairy; spikelets 2-ranked, compressed parallel to the rachis, closely or loosely imbricate about as long as broad, 5-9-flowered, ripening 4-5 grains towards the centre, usually fewer at the base and apex: glumes loose and broad; lemmas thin, pale and rounded on back; fruit or the grain threshes free from the glumes and lemmas, highly variab1e, oblong with blunt ends, 5-10 mm. long, usually plump and swollen, with a shallow groove on one face.

Herb Effects

Antivinous, bilious, demulcent, discutient, diuretic, emollient, excipient, intoxicant, laxative, useful as a poultice, restorative, sedative

Links

Triticum aestivum L.
Centre for New Crops and Plant Resources
Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Adenine, adenosine (petiole); allantoin (embryo); alpha-amyrin, apigenin, arginine, ascorbic acid, beta-amyrin, beta-carotene, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, ferulic acid, lecithin, linoleic acid, protocatechuic acid, quercetin, salicylic acid, tocopherol, vanillic acid (seed); choline (root); diazepam (sprout seedling); niacin, oleic acid, p-coumaric acid (plant)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Adenine 5426-35-7 7H-purin-6-amine C5H5N5 Click Here To Enlarge
Adenosine Not Available 2-(6-aminopurin-9-yl
)-5-(hydroxymethyl)o
xolane-3,4-diol
C10H13N5O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Allantoin 97-59-6 (2,5-dioxoimidazolid
in-4-yl)urea
C4H6N4O3 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Amyrin 638-95-9 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,12,1
4b-octamethyl-2,3,4a
,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,
12a,14,14a -tetrade
cahydro-1H-picen-3-o
l
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Apigenin 520-36-5 4,5-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-chrome
n-7-one
C15H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Arginine 7004-12-8 2-amino-5-guanidino-
pentanoic acid
C6H14N4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Amyrin 559-70-6 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,11,1
4b-octamethyl-1,2,3,
4a,5,6,7,8,9,10,12,1
2a,14,14a- tetradec
ahydropicen-3-ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Chlorogenic acid 327-97-9 3-[3-(3,4-dihydroxyp
henyl)prop-2-enoylox
y]-1,4,5-trihydroxy-
cyclohexan e-1-carb
oxylic acid
C16H18O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Ferulic acid 24276-84-4 3-(4-hydroxy-3-metho
xy-phenyl)prop-2-eno
ic acid
C10H10O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Lecithin 8057-53-2 Not Available Not Available Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Salicylic acid 8052-31-1 2-hydroxybenzoic
acid
C7H6O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Tocopherol 59-02-9 2,5,7,8-tetramethyl-
2-(4,8,12-trimethylt
ridecyl)chroman-6-ol
C29H50O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Vanillic acid Not Available 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-
benzoic acid
C8H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Choline 67-48-1 2-hydroxyethyl-trime
thyl-ammonium
C5H14NO+ Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
P-coumaric acid 501-98-4 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)p
rop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Protocatechuic acid 5417-95-8 N,N-diethyl-N'-(2,4,
8,9-tetrazabicyclo[4
.3.0]nona-2,4,7,10-t
etraen-5-y l)propan
e-1,3-diamine
C12H20N6 Click Here To Enlarge
Diazepam 53320-84-6 9-chloro-2-methyl-6-
phenyl-2,5-diazabicy
clo[5.4.0]undeca-5,8
,10,12-tet raen-3-o
ne
C16H13ClN2O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

For cancers, corns, tumors, warts, and whitlow (seeds); biliousness and intoxication (young stems); malaise, sore throat, thirst, abdominal coldness and spasmic pain, constipation and cough (seed sprout)

Reference

Sharma PV. Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.

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