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Home » Plant infomation

Angelica dahurica  (Fisch.) Benth. & Hook. f. ex Franch. & Sav.

   

Botanical Name

:

Angelica dahurica (Fisch.) Benth. & Hook. f. ex Franch. & Sav.

English Name

:

Bai Zhi

Synonym(s)

:

Callisace dahurica Fisch.

Family

:

Apiaceae

 

General Info

Description

Plants perennial 1–2.5 m, stout. Root cylindric, brown, 3–5 cm thick, strongly aromatic. Stem purplish green, 2–5(–7–8) cm thick, ribbed, pubescent above. Basal and lower leaves long-petiolate, sheaths oblong-inflated, glabrous; blade triangular-ovate, 30–50 × 25–40 cm, 2–3-ternate-pinnate; leaflets sessile, oblong-elliptic to oblong-lanceolate, 4–10 × 1–4 cm, base slightly decurrent, margin white-cartilaginous and coarse-cuspidate-serrate, apex acute, pubescent along nerves adaxially. Upper leaves reduced, sheaths saccate-inflated, bladeless. Umbels 10–30 cm across; peduncles 5–20 cm, scabrous; bracts absent or 1–2, like uppermost leaves; rays 18–40(–70), short-hairy; bracteoles many, linear-lanceolate, scarious; pedicels many, scabrous. Calyx teeth obsolete. Petals white, obovate and notched. Ovary glabrous or pubescent. Fruit suborbicular, 4–7 × 4–6 mm; dorsal ribs prominent, obtusely thick-rounded, much wider than furrows, lateral ribs broad-winged; vittae 1 in each furrow, 2 on commissure.

Herb Effects

Analgesic, anodyne, antibacterial, antidote, carminative, diaphoretic, diuretic, poultice and stimulant (root)

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Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

6,7-Dimethylesculetin, byakangelicin, imperatorin, isoimperatorin, oxypeucedanin, phellopterin, psoralen, scopoletin, xanthotoxin (root)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
6,7-Dimethylesculetin 120-08-1 6,7-dimethoxychromen
-2-one
C11H10O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Byakangelicin 482-25-7 Not Available C17H18O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Imperatorin 70102-00-0 Not Available C16H14O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Isoimperatorin 482-45-1 Not Available C16H14O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Oxypeucedanin Not Available Not Available C16H14O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Phellopterin Not Available Not Available C17H16O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Psoralen 10523-56-5 Not Available C17H18O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Scopoletin 92-61-5 2-hydroxy-6-methoxy-
chromen-7-one
C10H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Xanthotoxin 298-81-7 Not Available C12H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In the treatment of frontal headache, toothache, rhinitis, boils, carbuncles and skin diseases.

Contraindication

Contraindicated for pregnant women

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