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Home » Plant infomation

Malva sylvestris  L.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Malva sylvestris L.

English Name

:

Common Mallow

Synonym(s)

:

Malva mauritiana (L.), Malva erecta (C.Presl.), Malva ambigua (Guss.)

Family

:

Malvaceae

 

General Info

Description

It is a perennial herb. Stem is erect and woody. Leaves are on a long stalk, 3 to 7 lobed, reniform at the base, margin scalloped, smooth above and roughly hairy below. Calyx is campanulate. Corolla is purple with veins of deeper tint. Pedicel is slender. Fruit is smooth netted with short style. Seeds are many and reniform.

Herb Effects

All parts of the plant are antiphlogistic, astringent, demulcent, diuretic, emollient, expectorant, laxative, salve, antiseptic and hypothermic.

Links

Common mallow
Mallow
Plants for a Future
botanical.com

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Mucilage and flavonols (plant); malvin and malvidin (flower); ascorbic acid, beta-carotene, niacin, riboflavin and thiamin. (leaf)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Malvin 16727-30-3 [2-(4-hydroxy-3,5-di
methoxy-phenyl)-3,5-
bis[[3,4,5-trihydrox
y-6-(hydro xymethyl
)oxan-2-yl]oxy]chrom
en-7-ylidene]oxonium
chloride
C29H35ClO17 Click Here To Enlarge
Malvidin 643-84-5 [3,7-dihydroxy-2-(4-
hydroxy-3,5-dimethox
y-phenyl)-chromen-5-
ylidene]ox onium
chloride
C17H15ClO7 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

The plant is used in painful complaints of the urinary organs, gravel and pulmonary disorders (such as whooping cough) and in inflammations and abscesses of the skin. The leaves and flowers are the main part used, their demulcent properties making them valuable as a poultice for bruise, inflammations, insect bites etc, or it is taken internally in the treatment of respiratory diseases (whooping cough, coughs, bronchitis) and digestive problems. The plant is a laxative for young children. Decoctions of the plant, especially of the root, are very useful where the natural mucus has been abraded from the coats of the intestines.

Reference

The Himalaya Drug Company

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