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Home » Plant infomation

Thespesia populnea  (L.) SOL.EX. CORREA

   

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Botanical Name

:

Thespesia populnea (L.) SOL.EX. CORREA

English Name

:

Tulip or Umbrella Tree

Synonym(s)

:

Hibiscus populnea Linn.

Family

:

Malvaceae

 

General Info

Description

This is a small tree. Leaves are about 7.5 cm across, roundish, cordate, acuminate, entire and 5 to 7 nerved with a glandular pore beneath between the nerves; petioles 6.25 cm long. Flowers are yellow and about 7.5 to 8.0 cm across on long peduncles. Calyx is 5-toothed. Staminal tube is toothed at the top; filaments ascending. The berries are globose and red when ripe.

Herb Effects

Anticancer, antiviral, alleviates spasms, antimalarial, antifertility and decreases sperm numbers (fruit); light, acrid, cooling and astringent (plant)

Links

Portia tree

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Beta-sitosterol, linoleic acid, myristic acid, oleic acid, palmitic acid (seed); gossypetin, gossypol, herbacetin, kaempferol, lupeol, populnetin, populneol, quercetin, rutin (flower).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Kaempferol 80714-53-0 3-[3-[4,5-dihydroxy-
6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-oxan-2-yl
]oxy-4,5-dihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2 -yl]oxy-4,5-dihy
droxy-2-(4-hydroxyph
enyl)-chromen-7-one
C33H40O21 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Lupeol Not Available Not Available C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Rutin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
[(3,4,5-tr ihydroxy
-6-methyl-tetrahydro
pyran-2-yl)oxymethyl
]tetrahydropyran-2-y
l] oxy-chromen-7-on
e trihydrate
C27H36O19 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Myristic Acid Not Available Hexane C6H14 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 Hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Gossypetin 489-35-0 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,5,7,8-tetrahyd
roxy-chromen-4-one
C15H10O8 Click Here To Enlarge
Gossypol 12542-36-8 7-(8-formyl-1,6,7-tr
ihydroxy-3-methyl-5-
propan-2-yl-naphthal
en-2-yl)-2 ,3,8-tri
hydroxy-6-methyl-4-p
ropan-2-yl-naphthale
ne-1-carbaldehyde
C30H30O8 Click Here To Enlarge
Herbacetin Not Available 3,5,7,8-tetrahydroxy
-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)
chromen-4-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Populnetin 520-18-3 3,5,7-trihydroxy-2-(
4-hydroxyphenyl)chro
men-4-one
C15H10O6 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Scabies (fruit, root and leaf); migraine and insect bites (fruit); dysentery (bark powder); for the treatment of skin diseases such as eczema, scabies, psoriasis, ringworm and guinea worm (bark, leaves, flowers and fruits); for treatment of dysentery, piles and diabetes (plant); as an external wash in the treatment of skin diseases (bark decoction); to relieve inflamed and swollen joints (leaf as poultice).

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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