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Home » Plant infomation

Sterculia urens  ROXB.

   

Botanical Name

:

Sterculia urens ROXB.

English Name

:

Kutira Gum

Synonym(s)

:

Cavalicum urens Schott. & Endlicher

Family

:

Sterculiaceae

 

General Info

Description

A tripical medium sized deciduous tree. Leaves alternate, palmate. Flowers appear in large erect terminal panicles, yellow brown, and small. Male and hermophrodite blooms are intermingled. No corolla, the calyx is bell shaped, leathery, fine toothed. Fruit is star shaped, densely covered with stinging hairs.

Herb Effects

Against pneumonia (mucilage of leaf and tender shoot).

Links

Ecoport
AgroForestryTree Database

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Stercurensin and C-methylchalcone (leaf); acetic acid, aldobiouronic, aldotriouronc acids, furfural, riboflavin, (gum); betulin, scopoletin and tannin (bark);linoleic acid, myristic acid, oleic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid (seed)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Scopoletin 92-61-5 2-hydroxy-6-methoxy-
chromen-7-one
C10H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Acetic acid 77671-22-8 acetic acid C2H4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Furfural Not Available furan-2-carbaldehyde C5H4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Betulin Not Available Not Available C30H50O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Myristic Acid Not Available Hexane C6H14 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 Hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Stearic acid 82497-27-6 octadecanoic acid C18H36O2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Throat problems (gum). Gum is cooling and is used for making sweetmeats; mucilage has no adhesive power. The gum exudate has laxative properties. Used to treat throat infection and in dental fixtures.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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