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Home » Plant infomation

Sesbania sesban  Merrill

   

Botanical Name

:

Sesbania sesban Merrill

English Name

:

Common Sesban

Synonym(s)

:

Sesbania aegyptiaca Pers.

Family

:

Fabaceae

 

General Info

Description

A soft-wooded, quick-growing short-lived shrub, 1.8-6 m high. Leaves 7.5-15 cm long, paripinnate, leaflets 8.20 pairs, linear-oblong, glabrous, entire, mucronate to acuminate, 6.0-25.0 mm.x25.0 mm; flowers yellow or yellow spotted red to purple or with standard petals coloured purple or brown from outside, in 8-10-flowered, lax, axillary racemes, 2.5-14.0 cm. long; pods 12.5-22.5 cm. x O.25-0.37 cm; pendulous, weak, distinctly torulose, twisted, sharply beaked, 20-30-seeded and septate.

Herb Effects

Anthelmintic (leaf juice); contraceptive (flower); antiseptic, antiinflammatory, hypoglycemic, depresses heart activity and antibacterial (seed); stimulates the cardiovascular system and antiviral (aerial part); anthelmintic (leaves)

Links

Tropical Forages
Agroforestree Database

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Cyanidin and delphinidin (flower); pyruvic, oxaloacetic and alpha-ketoglutaric acids (pollen); campesterol, cholesterol and beta-sitosterol (leaf and pod).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Cyanidin 87725-42-6 [2-(3,4-dihydroxyphe
nyl)-3,7-dihydroxy-c
hromen-5-ylidene]oxo
nium
C15H11O6+ Click Here To Enlarge
Delphinidin 528-53-0 [3,7-dihydroxy-2-(3,
4,5-trihydroxyphenyl
)-chromen-5-ylidene]
oxonium ch loride
C15H11ClO7 Click Here To Enlarge
Pyruvic acid 1892-67-7 2-oxopropanoic acid C3H4O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Oxaloacetic acid Not Available 2-oxobutanedioic
acid
C4H4O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Alpha-ketoglutaric acid 997-43-3 2-oxopentanedioic
acid
C5H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Campesterol 474-62-4 17-(5,6-dimethylhept
an-2-yl)-10,13-dimet
hyl-2,3,4,7,8,9,11,1
2,14,15,16 ,17-dode
cahydro-1H-cyclopent
a[a]phenanthren-3-ol
C28H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Cholesterol 57-88-5 10,13-dimethyl-17-(6
-methylheptan-2-yl)-
2,3,4,7,8,9,11,12,14
,15,16,17-
dodecahydro-1H-cyclo
penta[a]phenanthren-
3-ol
C27H46O Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

For menorrhagia, useful in checking diarrhoea and reducing enlargement of the spleen (seed); anthelmintic (leaves)

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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