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Home » Plant infomation

Dalbergia sissoo  ROXB.

   

Botanical Name

:

Dalbergia sissoo ROXB.

English Name

:

Sissoo

Synonym(s)

:

Amerimnon sissoo, Petrocarpus sissoo

Family

:

Fabaceae

 

General Info

Description

It is a large deciduous tree with grey bark up to 15 to 18 m in height. The branches are downy, gray and spreading. Leaves are 3 to 5, alternate, imparipinnate, bifarious, roundish, acuminate and 3.5 to 6.0 x 3.0 to 5.4 cm. The flowers are sessile in axillary panicles shorter than leaves and yellowish white. The pods are 3.5 x 4.5 cm long, thin, strap shaped and pale grey. Seeds are 1 to 4, kidney shaped and flat.

Herb Effects

The roots are used as astringent. Bark or rasping of the wood are alterative; roots are astringent; leaves are bitter and stimulant; alleviates spasms (aerial part); alterative (wood).

Links

Dalbergia sissoo
Shisham
PIER
Dalbergia sissoo

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Dalbergin, dalbergenone, methyldalbergichrome and methyldalbergin (stem bark)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Dalbergin 482-83-7 6-hydroxy-7-methoxy-
4-phenyl-chromen-2-o
ne
C16H12O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Dalbergenone Not Available 2-methoxy-5-(1-pheny
lprop-2-enyl)cyclohe
xa-2,5-diene-1,4-dio
ne
C16H14O3 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Eye diseases and gonorrhea (leaf); cholera, effective in bleeding piles, menorrhagia and in varicose veins (bark); in gonorrhoea (leaves decoction); in leprosy, boils and eruptions and to allay vomiting (wood).

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.

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